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Wiki page [ByteLink] by kc5tja 2018-01-21 00:12:24.
D 2018-01-21T00:12:24.252
L ByteLink
N text/x-markdown
P 9196eb7b0a64509240ea37d9110cab128c35aacc97b4410bb8f7e335cb606942
U kc5tja
W 4372
# ByteLink

This is my attempt
at exposing the
TileLink v1.7 TL-UL specification
out over just two PMOD 2x6 ports.
When clocked at 25MHz,
best-case throughput should reach 4.5MB/s,
which for a 640x480 16-color display,
should be good for 29 frames per second.

This interconnect
**is not**
intended to be switched over a larger fabric.
Rather, it's designed to meet a very specific need.

Except in the case of errors,
all data transactions take either
28 clock cycles,
30 clock cycles,
34 clock cycles,
or 42 clock cycles to complete
depending on the `ss` (payload size) field:

    ss  Size          Bits
    00  Byte          8
    01  Half-word     16
    10  Word          32
    11  Double-word   64

## Interconnect Signals

| Signal Name | CPU Card    | I/O Card    | Description |
|:-----------:|:-----------:|:-----------:|:------------|
|A0-A3        | OUT         | IN          | 4-bit A-channel packet data bus |
|ACLK         | OUT         | IN          | A-channel clock (25MHz) |
|AFRAME       | OUT         | IN          | A-channel message boundary indicator |
|B0-B3        | IN          | OUT         | 4-bit B-channel packet data bus |
|BCLK         | IN          | OUT         | B-channel clock (25MHz) |
|BFRAME       | IN          | OUT         | B-channel message boundary indicator |

**NOTE:** When sending data, `Nyb0` is sent first, then `Nyb1`.
This generally follows the RISC-V convention of little-endian formats.

The `xFRAME` signal asserts only when sending `Nyb0` of the first byte of a new packet.

## Message Formats

### GET
             Nyb1 Nyb0

    BYTE 1   00.. 0...  Must be zero
             ..ss ....  Size field
             .... .opc  Opcode (see TileLink spec)
    BYTE 2   tttt tttt  Transaction ID
    BYTE 3   mmmm mmmm  Read Mask (Unused)
    BYTE 4   aaaa a...  Address bits 0-7
             .... .000  Must be zero
    BYTE 5   aaaa aaaa  Address bits 8-15
    BYTE 6   aaaa aaaa  Address bits 16-23
    BYTE 7   aaaa aaaa  Address bits 24-31
    BYTE 8   aaaa aaaa  Address bits 32-39
    BYTE 9   aaaa aaaa  Address bits 40-47
    BYTE 10  aaaa aaaa  Address bits 48-55
    BYTE 11  aaaa aaaa  Address bits 56-63

### PUT PARTIAL and PUT FULL

             Nyb1 Nyb0

    BYTE 1   00.. 0...  Must be zero
             ..ss ....  Size field
             .... .opc  Opcode (see TileLink spec)
    BYTE 2   tttt tttt  Transaction ID
    BYTE 3   mmmm mmmm  Write Mask
    BYTE 4   aaaa a...  Address bits 0-7
             .... .000  Must be zero
    BYTE 5   aaaa aaaa  Address bits 8-15
    BYTE 6   aaaa aaaa  Address bits 16-23
    BYTE 7   aaaa aaaa  Address bits 24-31
    BYTE 8   aaaa aaaa  Address bits 32-39
    BYTE 9   aaaa aaaa  Address bits 40-47
    BYTE 10  aaaa aaaa  Address bits 48-55
    BYTE 11  aaaa aaaa  Address bits 56-63
    BYTE 12  dddd dddd  Data bits 0-7    (required)
    BYTE 13  dddd dddd  Data bits 8-15   (only if ss >= 1)
    BYTE 14  dddd dddd  Data bits 16-23  (only if ss >= 2)
    BYTE 15  dddd dddd  Data bits 24-31  (only if ss >= 2)
    BYTE 16  dddd dddd  Data bits 32-39  (only if ss = 3)
    BYTE 17  dddd dddd  Data bits 40-47  (only if ss = 3)
    BYTE 18  dddd dddd  Data bits 48-55  (only if ss = 3)
    BYTE 19  dddd dddd  Data bits 56-63  (only if ss = 3)

### ACK

    BYTE 1   0... ....  Must be zero
             .E.. ....  Set if error; clear otherwise
             ..ss ....  Size field
             .... 1...  Must be one
             .... .opc  Opcode (see TileLink spec)
    BYTE 2   tttt tttt  Transaction ID

### ACK DATA

    BYTE 1   0... ....  Must be zero
             .E.. ....  Set if error; clear otherwise
             ..ss ....  Size field
             .... 1...  Must be one
             .... .opc  Opcode (see TileLink spec)
    BYTE 2   tttt tttt  Transaction ID
    BYTE 3   dddd dddd  Data bits 0-7    (required)
    BYTE 4   dddd dddd  Data bits 8-15   (only if ss >= 1)
    BYTE 5   dddd dddd  Data bits 16-23  (only if ss >= 2)
    BYTE 6   dddd dddd  Data bits 24-31  (only if ss >= 2)
    BYTE 7   dddd dddd  Data bits 32-39  (only if ss = 3)
    BYTE 8   dddd dddd  Data bits 40-47  (only if ss = 3)
    BYTE 9   dddd dddd  Data bits 48-55  (only if ss = 3)
    BYTE 10  dddd dddd  Data bits 56-63  (only if ss = 3)


Z 0b7baf2692c3d29df8b834ab1f979a46