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#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""
This file is part of the web2py Web Framework
Copyrighted by Massimo Di Pierro <mdipierro@cs.depaul.edu>
License: LGPLv3 (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl.html)

This file is based, althought a rewrite, on MIT code from the Bottle web framework.
"""

import os, sys, optparse, urllib
path = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))
os.chdir(path)
sys.path = [path]+[p for p in sys.path if not p==path]
import gluon.main
from gluon.fileutils import read_file, write_file

class Servers:
    @staticmethod
    def cgi(app, address=None, **options):
        from wsgiref.handlers import CGIHandler
        CGIHandler().run(app) # Just ignore host and port here

    @staticmethod
    def flup(app,address, **options):
        import flup.server.fcgi
        flup.server.fcgi.WSGIServer(app, bindAddress=address).run()

    @staticmethod
    def wsgiref(app,address,**options): # pragma: no cover
        from wsgiref.simple_server import make_server, WSGIRequestHandler
        class QuietHandler(WSGIRequestHandler):
            def log_request(*args, **kw): pass
        options['handler_class'] = QuietHandler
        srv = make_server(address[0],address[1],app,**options)
        srv.serve_forever()

    @staticmethod
    def cherrypy(app,address, **options):
        from cherrypy import wsgiserver
        server = wsgiserver.CherryPyWSGIServer(address, app)
        server.start()

    @staticmethod
    def rocket(app,address, **options):
        from gluon.rocket import CherryPyWSGIServer
        server = CherryPyWSGIServer(address, app)
        server.start()

    @staticmethod
    def rocket_with_repoze_profiler(app,address, **options):
        from gluon.rocket import CherryPyWSGIServer
        from repoze.profile.profiler import AccumulatingProfileMiddleware
        from gluon.settings import global_settings
        global_settings.web2py_crontype = 'none'
        wrapped = AccumulatingProfileMiddleware(
            app,
            log_filename='wsgi.prof',
            discard_first_request=True,
            flush_at_shutdown=True,
            path = '/__profile__'
            )
        server = CherryPyWSGIServer(address, wrapped)
        server.start()

    @staticmethod
    def paste(app,address,**options):
        from paste import httpserver
        from paste.translogger import TransLogger
        httpserver.serve(app, host=address[0], port=address[1], **options)

    @staticmethod
    def fapws(app,address, **options):
        import fapws._evwsgi as evwsgi
        from fapws import base
        evwsgi.start(address[0],str(address[1]))
        evwsgi.set_base_module(base)
        def app(environ, start_response):
            environ['wsgi.multiprocess'] = False
            return app(environ, start_response)
        evwsgi.wsgi_cb(('',app))
        evwsgi.run()


    @staticmethod
    def gevent(app,address, **options):
        from gevent import monkey; monkey.patch_all()
        from gevent import pywsgi
        from gevent.pool import Pool
        pywsgi.WSGIServer(address, app, spawn = 'workers' in options and Pool(int(option.workers)) or 'default').serve_forever()

    @staticmethod
    def bjoern(app,address, **options):
        import bjoern
        bjoern.run(app, *address)

    @staticmethod
    def tornado(app,address, **options):
        import tornado.wsgi
        import tornado.httpserver
        import tornado.ioloop
        container = tornado.wsgi.WSGIContainer(app)
        server = tornado.httpserver.HTTPServer(container)
        server.listen(address=address[0], port=address[1])
        tornado.ioloop.IOLoop.instance().start()

    @staticmethod
    def twisted(app,address, **options):
        from twisted.web import server, wsgi
        from twisted.python.threadpool import ThreadPool
        from twisted.internet import reactor
        thread_pool = ThreadPool()
        thread_pool.start()
        reactor.addSystemEventTrigger('after', 'shutdown', thread_pool.stop)
        factory = server.Site(wsgi.WSGIResource(reactor, thread_pool, app))
        reactor.listenTCP(address[1], factory, interface=address[0])
        reactor.run()

    @staticmethod
    def diesel(app,address, **options):
        from diesel.protocols.wsgi import WSGIApplication
        app = WSGIApplication(app, port=address[1])
        app.run()

    @staticmethod
    def gnuicorn(app,address, **options):
        import gunicorn.arbiter
        gunicorn.arbiter.Arbiter(address, 4, app).run()

    @staticmethod
    def eventlet(app,address, **options):
        from eventlet import wsgi, listen
        wsgi.server(listen(address), app)
        
    @staticmethod
    def mongrel2(app,address,**options):
        import uuid
        sys.path.append(os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(__file__)))
        from mongrel2 import handler
        conn = handler.Connection(str(uuid.uuid4()), 
                                  "tcp://127.0.0.1:9997",
                                  "tcp://127.0.0.1:9996")
        mongrel2_handler(app,conn,debug=False)
        

def run(servername,ip,port,softcron=True,logging=False,profiler=None):
    if logging:
        application = gluon.main.appfactory(wsgiapp=gluon.main.wsgibase,
                                            logfilename='httpserver.log',
                                            profilerfilename=profiler)
    else:
        application = gluon.main.wsgibase
    if softcron:
        from gluon.settings import global_settings
        global_settings.web2py_crontype = 'soft'
    getattr(Servers,servername)(application,(ip,int(port)))

def mongrel2_handler(application,conn,debug=False):
    """
    Based on :
    https://github.com/berry/Mongrel2-WSGI-Handler/blob/master/wsgi-handler.py

    WSGI handler based on the Python wsgiref SimpleHandler.    
    A WSGI application should return a iterable op StringTypes. 
    Any encoding must be handled by the WSGI application itself.
    """
    from wsgiref.handlers import SimpleHandler
    try:
        import cStringIO as StringIO
    except:
        import StringIO
    
    # TODO - this wsgi handler executes the application and renders a page 
    # in memory completely before returning it as a response to the client. 
    # Thus, it does not "stream" the result back to the client. It should be 
    # possible though. The SimpleHandler accepts file-like stream objects. So, 
    # it should be just a matter of connecting 0MQ requests/response streams to 
    # the SimpleHandler requests and response streams. However, the Python API 
    # for Mongrel2 doesn't seem to support file-like stream objects for requests 
    # and responses. Unless I have missed something.
    
    while True:
        if debug: print "WAITING FOR REQUEST"
        
        # receive a request
        req = conn.recv()
        if debug: print "REQUEST BODY: %r\n" % req.body
        
        if req.is_disconnect():
            if debug: print "DISCONNECT"
            continue #effectively ignore the disconnect from the client
        
        # Set a couple of environment attributes a.k.a. header attributes 
        # that are a must according to PEP 333
        environ = req.headers
        environ['SERVER_PROTOCOL'] = 'HTTP/1.1' # SimpleHandler expects a server_protocol, lets assume it is HTTP 1.1
        environ['REQUEST_METHOD'] = environ['METHOD']
        if ':' in environ['Host']:
            environ['SERVER_NAME'] = environ['Host'].split(':')[0]
            environ['SERVER_PORT'] = environ['Host'].split(':')[1]
        else:
            environ['SERVER_NAME'] = environ['Host']
            environ['SERVER_PORT'] = ''
        environ['SCRIPT_NAME'] = '' # empty for now
        environ['PATH_INFO'] = urllib.unquote(environ['PATH'])
        if '?' in environ['URI']:
            environ['QUERY_STRING'] = environ['URI'].split('?')[1]
        else:
            environ['QUERY_STRING'] = ''
        if environ.has_key('Content-Length'):
            environ['CONTENT_LENGTH'] = environ['Content-Length'] # necessary for POST to work with Django
        environ['wsgi.input'] = req.body
        
        if debug: print "ENVIRON: %r\n" % environ
        
        # SimpleHandler needs file-like stream objects for
        # requests, errors and reponses
        reqIO = StringIO.StringIO(req.body)
        errIO = StringIO.StringIO()
        respIO = StringIO.StringIO()
        
        # execute the application
        handler = SimpleHandler(reqIO, respIO, errIO, environ, multithread = False, multiprocess = False)
        handler.run(application)
        
        # Get the response and filter out the response (=data) itself,
        # the response headers, 
        # the response status code and the response status description
        response = respIO.getvalue()
        response = response.split("\r\n")
        data = response[-1]
        headers = dict([r.split(": ") for r in response[1:-2]])
        code = response[0][9:12]
        status = response[0][13:]
        
        # strip BOM's from response data
        # Especially the WSGI handler from Django seems to generate them (2 actually, huh?)
        # a BOM isn't really necessary and cause HTML parsing errors in Chrome and Safari
        # See also: http://www.xs4all.nl/~mechiel/projects/bomstrip/
        # Although I still find this a ugly hack, it does work.
        data = data.replace('\xef\xbb\xbf', '')
        
        # Get the generated errors
        errors = errIO.getvalue()
        
        # return the response
        if debug: print "RESPONSE: %r\n" % response
        if errors:
            if debug: print "ERRORS: %r" % errors
            data = "%s\r\n\r\n%s" % (data, errors)            
        conn.reply_http(req, data, code = code, status = status, headers = headers)

def main():
    usage = "python anyserver.py -s tornado -i 127.0.0.1 -p 8000 -l -P"
    try:
        version = read_file('VERSION')
    except IOError:
        version = ''
    parser = optparse.OptionParser(usage, None, optparse.Option, version)
    parser.add_option('-l',
                      '--logging',
                      action='store_true',
                      default=False,
                      dest='logging',
                      help='log into httpserver.log')
    parser.add_option('-P',
                      '--profiler',
                      default=False,
                      dest='profiler',
                      help='profiler filename')
    servers = ', '.join(x for x in dir(Servers) if not x[0]=='_')
    parser.add_option('-s',
                      '--server',
                      default='rocket',
                      dest='server',
                      help='server name (%s)' % servers)
    parser.add_option('-i',
                      '--ip',
                      default='127.0.0.1',
                      dest='ip',
                      help='ip address')
    parser.add_option('-p',
                      '--port',
                      default='8000',
                      dest='port',
                      help='port number')
    parser.add_option('-w',
                      '--workers',
                      default='',
                      dest='workers',
                      help='number of workers number')
    (options, args) = parser.parse_args()
    print 'starting %s on %s:%s...' % (options.server,options.ip,options.port)
    run(options.server,options.ip,options.port,logging=options.logging,profiler=options.profiler)


if __name__=='__main__':
    main()