Artifact Content

Artifact f0ba5a860cf7b64506178fcb5efe2dd80f5bd8fa:


// Package predictor implements the predictor compression/decompression algorithm
// as specified by RFC1978 - PPP Predictor Compression Protocol
package predictor

import (
	"io"
)

type context struct {
	table  [1 << 16]byte
	buffer [1 << 3]byte
	input  []byte
	hash   uint16
}

// Returns a closure over the provided writer that compresses data when called.
//
// It can buffer data as the predictor mandates 8-byte blocks with a header.
// A call with no data will force a flush.
func Compressor(writer io.Writer) func([]byte) error {
	var ctx context
	ctx.input = ctx.buffer[:0]

	// Forward declaration as it is required for recursion
	var write func(data []byte) error

	write = func(data []byte) error {
		var (
			err          error
			blockSize    int = 8
			bufferLength int = len(ctx.input)
		)

		// Force a flush if we are called with no data to write
		if len(data) == 0 {
			if len(ctx.input) == 0 {
				return nil
			}
			data = ctx.input

			// We can't have more than 7 bytes in the buffer so this is safe
			blockSize = len(ctx.input)
			goto write
		}

		// Check if there are pending bytes in the buffer
		if len(data) < blockSize || bufferLength > 0 {
			// Check whether we have enough bytes for a complete block
			if len(data) > 8-bufferLength {
				// Fill the buffer ...
				ctx.input = append(ctx.input, data[:8-bufferLength]...)
				// ... and recurse, calling ourselves with the full buffer
				err = write(ctx.input)
				if err != nil {
					return err
				}

				// Clear the buffer
				ctx.input = ctx.input[:0]

				// Handle remaining bytes, if any
				var remaining []byte = data[8-bufferLength:]
				if len(remaining) > 0 {
					// Recurse, calling ourselves with the rest of the bytes
					err = write(data[8-bufferLength:])
					if err != nil {
						return err
					}
				}
			} else {
				// Add the insufficient data to the buffer and return
				ctx.input = append(ctx.input, data...)
				return nil
			}
		}

	write:
		var buf []byte = make([]byte, 1, blockSize+1)

		var blocks int = len(data) / blockSize
		if blocks == 0 {
			blocks++
		}

		for block := 0; block < blocks; block++ {
			for i := 0; i < blockSize; i++ {
				var current byte = data[(block*blockSize)+i]
				if ctx.table[ctx.hash] == current {
					// Guess was right - don't output
					buf[0] |= 1 << uint(i)
				} else {
					// Guess was wrong, output char
					ctx.table[ctx.hash] = current
					buf = append(buf, current)
				}
				ctx.hash = (ctx.hash << 4) ^ uint16(current)
			}
			_, err = writer.Write(buf)
			if err != nil {
				return err
			}

			// Reset the flags and buffer for the next iteration
			buf[0] ^= buf[0]
			buf = buf[:1]
		}

		var remaining int = len(data) % blockSize
		if remaining > 0 {
			ctx.input = ctx.buffer[:remaining]
			copy(ctx.input, data[len(data)-remaining:])
		} else {
			ctx.input = ctx.buffer[:0]
		}

		return nil
	}

	return write
}

type reader func([]byte) (int, error)

func (r reader) Read(output []byte) (int, error) {
	return r(output)
}

// TODO - document
func Decompressor(wrapped io.Reader) io.Reader {
	var ctx context
	ctx.input = ctx.buffer[:0]

	return reader(func(output []byte) (int, error) {
		var (
			err       error
			flags     byte
			readCount int
		)

		// Sanity check for space to read into
		if len(output) == 0 {
			return 0, nil
		}

		// Check whether we have leftover data in the buffer
		if len(ctx.input) > 0 {
			readCount = copy(output, ctx.input)
			ctx.input = ctx.input[readCount:]
			return readCount, nil
		}

		// This is single-iteration only but it is fine according to io.Reader's contract ?!
		// TODO - read all bytes from a block based on the hamming weight of the flag
		// and just shuffle them for predictions instead of bite-sized reads ;)

		// Read the flags
		ctx.input = ctx.buffer[:1]
		readCount, err = wrapped.Read(ctx.input)
		if readCount == 0 || err != nil {
			return readCount, err
		}

		flags = ctx.input[0]
		ctx.input = ctx.buffer[:8]

		var i uint = 0
		for ; i < 8; i++ {
			if flags&(1<<i) > 0 {
				// Guess was right
				ctx.input[i] = ctx.table[ctx.hash]
			} else {
				readCount, err = wrapped.Read(ctx.input[i:(i + 1)])

				if err == io.EOF {
					break
				}

				if err != nil {
					return readCount, err
				}

				if readCount == 0 { // treat as EoF
					break
				}

				ctx.table[ctx.hash] = ctx.input[i]
			}

			ctx.hash = (ctx.hash << 4) ^ uint16(ctx.input[i])
		}

		readCount = copy(output, ctx.input[:i])

		// Place any remaining bytes in the buffer
		if uint(readCount) < i {
			ctx.input = ctx.input[readCount:i]
		} else {
			ctx.input = ctx.buffer[:0]
		}

		return readCount, nil
	})
}