Artifact Content

Artifact dafdf12fddf08e2c216a3591b857cf3ec7a1f16b:


#define FUSE_USE_VERSION 26

#include <sys/fsuid.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <pthread.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <fuse.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <tcl.h>

/*
 * Default cache directory
 */
#ifndef APPFS_CACHEDIR
#define APPFS_CACHEDIR "/var/cache/appfs"
#endif

/* Debugging macros */
#ifdef DEBUG
int appfs_debug_fd = STDERR_FILENO;
#define APPFS_DEBUG(x...) { \
	char buf[8192]; \
	int bufoff = 0; \
	if (appfs_debug_fd == -1) { \
		appfs_debug_fd = open("/tmp/appfsd.log", O_WRONLY | O_APPEND | O_CREAT, 0600); \
	}; \
	bufoff = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "[debug] [t=%llx] %s:%i:%s: ", (unsigned long long) pthread_self(), __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__); \
	if (bufoff < sizeof(buf)) { \
		bufoff += snprintf(buf + bufoff, sizeof(buf) - bufoff, x); \
	}; \
	if (bufoff < sizeof(buf)) { \
		bufoff += snprintf(buf + bufoff, sizeof(buf) - bufoff, "\n");\
	} \
	if (bufoff > sizeof(buf)) { \
		bufoff = sizeof(buf); \
	}; \
	write(appfs_debug_fd, buf, bufoff); \
}
#else
#define APPFS_DEBUG(x...) /**/
#endif

/*
 * SHA1 Tcl Package initializer, from sha1.o
 */
int Sha1_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp);

/*
 * Thread Specific Data (TSD) for Tcl Interpreter for the current thread
 */
static pthread_key_t interpKey;

/*
 * Global variables, needed for all threads but only initialized before any
 * FUSE threads are created
 */
const char *appfs_cachedir;
time_t appfs_boottime;
int appfs_fuse_started = 0;
int appfs_threaded_tcl;

/*
 * Global variables for AppFS caching
 */
pthread_mutex_t appfs_path_info_cache_mutex = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
int appfs_path_info_cache_size = 8209;
struct appfs_pathinfo *appfs_path_info_cache = NULL;

#ifndef TCL_THREADS
/*
 * Handle unthreaded Tcl
 */
pthread_mutex_t appfs_tcl_big_global_lock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
#define appfs_call_libtcl_enter pthread_mutex_lock(&appfs_tcl_big_global_lock);
#define appfs_call_libtcl_exit pthread_mutex_unlock(&appfs_tcl_big_global_lock);
#else
#define appfs_call_libtcl_enter /**/
#define appfs_call_libtcl_exit /**/
#endif
#define appfs_call_libtcl(x...) appfs_call_libtcl_enter x appfs_call_libtcl_exit

/*
 * Global variables for AppFS Tcl Interpreter restarting
 */
int interp_reset_key = 0;

/*
 * AppFS Path Type:  Describes the type of path a given file is
 */
typedef enum {
	APPFS_PATHTYPE_INVALID,
	APPFS_PATHTYPE_DOES_NOT_EXIST,
	APPFS_PATHTYPE_FILE,
	APPFS_PATHTYPE_DIRECTORY,
	APPFS_PATHTYPE_SYMLINK,
	APPFS_PATHTYPE_SOCKET,
	APPFS_PATHTYPE_FIFO,
} appfs_pathtype_t;

/*
 * AppFS Path Information:
 *         Completely describes a specific path, how it should be returned to
 *         to the kernel
 */
struct appfs_pathinfo {
	appfs_pathtype_t type;
	time_t time;
	char hostname[256];
	int packaged;
	unsigned long long inode;
	union {
		struct {
			int childcount;
		} dir;
		struct {
			int executable;
			off_t size;
		} file;
		struct {
			off_t size;
			char source[256];
		} symlink;
	} typeinfo;

	/* Attributes used only for caching entries */
	char *_cache_path;
	uid_t _cache_uid;
};

/*
 * Create a new Tcl interpreter and completely initialize it
 */
static Tcl_Interp *appfs_create_TclInterp(char **error_string) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	int tcl_ret;
	const char *tcl_setvar_ret;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Creating new Tcl interpreter for TID = 0x%llx", (unsigned long long) pthread_self());

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		interp = Tcl_CreateInterp();
	)
	if (interp == NULL) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to create Tcl Interpreter.  Aborting.\n");

		if (error_string) {
			*error_string = strdup("Unable to create Tcl interpreter.");
		}

		return(NULL);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Preserve(interp);)

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		tcl_ret = Tcl_Init(interp);
	)
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to initialize Tcl.  Aborting.\n");
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			fprintf(stderr, "Tcl Error is: %s\n", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		if (error_string) {
			appfs_call_libtcl(
				*error_string = strdup(Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
			)
		}

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		APPFS_DEBUG("Terminating Tcl interpreter.");

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_DeleteInterp(interp);)

		return(NULL);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		tcl_ret = Tcl_Eval(interp, "package ifneeded sha1 1.0 [list load {} sha1]");
	)
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to initialize Tcl SHA1.  Aborting.\n");
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			fprintf(stderr, "Tcl Error is: %s\n", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		if (error_string) {
			appfs_call_libtcl(
				*error_string = strdup(Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
			)
		}

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		APPFS_DEBUG("Terminating Tcl interpreter.");

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_DeleteInterp(interp);)

		return(NULL);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		tcl_ret = Tcl_Eval(interp, "package ifneeded appfsd 1.0 [list load {} appfsd]");
	)
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to initialize Tcl AppFS Package.  Aborting.\n");
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			fprintf(stderr, "Tcl Error is: %s\n", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		if (error_string) {
			appfs_call_libtcl(
				*error_string = strdup(Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
			)
		}

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		APPFS_DEBUG("Terminating Tcl interpreter.");

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_DeleteInterp(interp);)

		return(NULL);
	}

	/*
	 * Load "pki.tcl" in the same way as appfsd.tcl (see below)
	 */
	appfs_call_libtcl_enter
		tcl_ret = Tcl_Eval(interp, ""
#include "pki.tcl.h"
		"");
	appfs_call_libtcl_exit
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to initialize Tcl PKI.  Aborting.\n");
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			fprintf(stderr, "Tcl Error is: %s\n", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		if (error_string) {
			appfs_call_libtcl(
				*error_string = strdup(Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
			)
		}

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		APPFS_DEBUG("Terminating Tcl interpreter.");

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_DeleteInterp(interp);)

		return(NULL);
	}

	/*
	 * Load the "appfsd.tcl" script, which is "compiled" into a C header
	 * so that it does not need to exist on the filesystem and can be
	 * directly evaluated.
	 */
	appfs_call_libtcl_enter
		tcl_ret = Tcl_Eval(interp, ""
#include "appfsd.tcl.h"
		"");
	appfs_call_libtcl_exit
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to initialize Tcl AppFS script.  Aborting.\n");
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			fprintf(stderr, "Tcl Error is: %s\n", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		if (error_string) {
			appfs_call_libtcl(
				*error_string = strdup(Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
			)
		}

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		APPFS_DEBUG("Terminating Tcl interpreter.");

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_DeleteInterp(interp);)

		return(NULL);
	}

	/*
	 * Set global variables from C to Tcl
	 */
	appfs_call_libtcl(
		tcl_setvar_ret = Tcl_SetVar(interp, "::appfs::cachedir", appfs_cachedir, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
	)
	if (tcl_setvar_ret == NULL) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to set cache directory.  This should never fail.\n");

		if (error_string) {
			appfs_call_libtcl(
				*error_string = strdup(Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
			)
		}

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		APPFS_DEBUG("Terminating Tcl interpreter.");

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_DeleteInterp(interp);)

		return(NULL);
	}

	/*
	 * Initialize the "appfsd.tcl" environment, which must be done after
	 * global variables are set.
	 */
	appfs_call_libtcl(
		tcl_ret = Tcl_Eval(interp, "::appfs::init");
	)
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to initialize Tcl AppFS script (::appfs::init).  Aborting.\n");
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			fprintf(stderr, "Tcl Error is: %s\n", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		if (error_string) {
			appfs_call_libtcl(
				*error_string = strdup(Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
			)
		}

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		APPFS_DEBUG("Terminating Tcl interpreter.");

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_DeleteInterp(interp);)

		return(NULL);
	}

	/*
	 * Hide some Tcl commands that we do not care to use and which may
	 * slow down run-time operations.
	 */
	appfs_call_libtcl(
		Tcl_HideCommand(interp, "auto_load_index", "auto_load_index");
		Tcl_HideCommand(interp, "unknown", "unknown");
		Tcl_HideCommand(interp, "exit", "exit");
	)

	/*
	 * Release the hold we have on the interpreter so that it may be
	 * deleted if needed
	 */
	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

	/*
	 * Return the completely initialized interpreter
	 */
	return(interp);
}

/*
 * Return the thread-specific Tcl interpreter, creating it if needed
 */
static Tcl_Interp *appfs_TclInterp(void) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	int pthread_ret;
	static __thread int thread_interp_reset_key = 0;
	int global_interp_reset_key;

	global_interp_reset_key = __sync_fetch_and_add(&interp_reset_key, 0);

	interp = pthread_getspecific(interpKey);
	if (interp != NULL && thread_interp_reset_key != global_interp_reset_key) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Terminating old interpreter and restarting due to reset request.");

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_DeleteInterp(interp);)

		interp = NULL;

		pthread_ret = pthread_setspecific(interpKey, interp);
	}

	if (global_interp_reset_key == -1) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Returning NULL since we are in the process of terminating all threads.");

		return(NULL);
	}

	thread_interp_reset_key = global_interp_reset_key;

	if (interp == NULL) {
		interp = appfs_create_TclInterp(NULL);

		if (interp == NULL) {
			APPFS_DEBUG("Create interp failed, returningin failure.");

			return(NULL);
		}

		pthread_ret = pthread_setspecific(interpKey, interp);
		if (pthread_ret != 0) {
			APPFS_DEBUG("pthread_setspecific() failed.  Terminating Tcl interpreter.");

			appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_DeleteInterp(interp);)

			return(NULL);
		}
	}

	return(interp);
}

/*
 * Evaluate a Tcl script constructed by concatenating a bunch of C strings
 * together.
 */
static int appfs_Tcl_Eval(Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, const char *cmd, ...) {
	Tcl_Obj **objv;
	const char *arg;
	va_list argp;
	int retval;
	int i;

	if (interp == NULL) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Invalid interpreter passed in, returning in failure.");

		return(TCL_ERROR);
	}

	objv = (void *) ckalloc(sizeof(*objv) * objc);

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		objv[0] = Tcl_NewStringObj(cmd, -1);

		Tcl_IncrRefCount(objv[0]);

		va_start(argp, cmd);
		for (i = 1; i < objc; i++) {
			arg = va_arg(argp, const char *);

			objv[i] = Tcl_NewStringObj(arg, -1);

			Tcl_IncrRefCount(objv[i]);
		}
		va_end(argp);
	)

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		retval = Tcl_EvalObjv(interp, objc, objv, 0);
	)

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		for (i = 0; i < objc; i++) {
			Tcl_DecrRefCount(objv[i]);
		}
	)

	ckfree((void *) objv);

	if (retval != TCL_OK) {
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			APPFS_DEBUG("Tcl command failed, ::errorInfo contains: %s\n", Tcl_GetVar(interp, "::errorInfo", 0));
		)
	}

	return(retval);
}

/*
 * Request all Tcl interpreters restart
 */
static void appfs_tcl_ResetInterps(void) {
	APPFS_DEBUG("Requesting reset of all interpreters.");

	__sync_add_and_fetch(&interp_reset_key, 1);

	return;
}

/*
 * Determine the UID for the user making the current FUSE filesystem request.
 * This will be used to lookup the user's home directory so we can search for
 * locally modified files.
 */
static uid_t appfs_get_fsuid(void) {
	struct fuse_context *ctx;

	if (!appfs_fuse_started) {
		return(getuid());
	}

	ctx = fuse_get_context();
	if (ctx == NULL) {
		/* Unable to lookup user for some reason */
		/* Return an unprivileged user ID */
		APPFS_DEBUG("Unable to lookup user for some reason, returninng user ID of 1");

		return(1);
	}

	return(ctx->uid);
}

/*
 * Determine the GID for the user making the current FUSE filesystem request.
 * This will be used to lookup the user's home directory so we can search for
 * locally modified files.
 */
static gid_t appfs_get_fsgid(void) {
	struct fuse_context *ctx;

	if (!appfs_fuse_started) {
		return(getgid());
	}

	ctx = fuse_get_context();
	if (ctx == NULL) {
		/* Unable to lookup user for some reason */
		/* Return an unprivileged user ID */
		APPFS_DEBUG("Unable to lookup group for some reason, returninng group ID of 1");

		return(1);
	}

	return(ctx->gid);
}

static void appfs_simulate_user_fs_enter(void) {
	setfsuid(appfs_get_fsuid());
	setfsgid(appfs_get_fsgid());
}

static void appfs_simulate_user_fs_leave(void) {
	setfsuid(0);
	setfsgid(0);
}

/*
 * Look up the home directory for a given UID
 *        Returns a C string containing the user's home directory or NULL if
 *        the user's home directory does not exist or is not correctly
 *        configured
 */
static char *appfs_get_homedir(uid_t fsuid) {
	struct passwd entry, *result;
	struct stat stbuf;
	char buf[1024], *retval;
	int gpu_ret, stat_ret;

	gpu_ret = getpwuid_r(fsuid, &entry, buf, sizeof(buf), &result);
	if (gpu_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("getpwuid_r(%llu, ...) returned in failure", (unsigned long long) fsuid);

		return(NULL);
	}

	if (result == NULL) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("getpwuid_r(%llu, ...) returned NULL result", (unsigned long long) fsuid);

		return(NULL);
	}

	if (result->pw_dir == NULL) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("getpwuid_r(%llu, ...) returned NULL home directory", (unsigned long long) fsuid);

		return(NULL);
	}

	stat_ret = stat(result->pw_dir, &stbuf);
	if (stat_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("stat(%s) returned in failure", result->pw_dir);

		return(NULL);
	}

	if (stbuf.st_uid != fsuid) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("UID mis-match on user %llu's home directory (%s).  It's owned by %llu.",
		    (unsigned long long) fsuid,
		    result->pw_dir,
		    (unsigned long long) stbuf.st_uid
		);

		return(NULL);
	}

	retval = strdup(result->pw_dir);

	return(retval);
}

/*
 * Generate an inode for a given path.  The inode should be computed in such
 * a way that it is unlikely to be duplicated and remains the same for a given
 * file
 *
 * Current implementation is an FNV-1a 32-bit
 */
#if UINT_MAX < 4294967295
#error Integer size is too small 
#endif
static unsigned long long appfs_get_path_inode(const char *path) {
	unsigned int retval;
	const unsigned char *p;

	retval = 2166136261; /* FNV-1a 32-bit offset_basis */

	for (p = (unsigned char *) path; *p; p++) {
		retval ^= (int) *p;
#if 0
		retval *= 16777619; /* FNV-1a 32-bit prime */
#else
		/* GCC Optimized replacement */
		retval += (retval << 1) + (retval << 4) + (retval << 7) + (retval << 8) + (retval << 24);
#endif
	}

	return(retval);
}

/*
 * Cache Get Path Info lookups for speed
 */
static int appfs_get_path_info_cache_get(const char *path, uid_t uid, struct appfs_pathinfo *pathinfo) {
	unsigned int hash_idx;
	int pthread_ret;
	int retval;

	retval = 1;

	pthread_ret = pthread_mutex_lock(&appfs_path_info_cache_mutex);
	if (pthread_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Unable to lock path_info cache mutex !");

		return(-1);
	}

	if (appfs_path_info_cache != NULL) {
		hash_idx = (appfs_get_path_inode(path) + uid) % appfs_path_info_cache_size;

		if (appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx]._cache_path != NULL) {
			if (strcmp(appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx]._cache_path, path) == 0 && appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx]._cache_uid == uid) {
				retval = 0;

				memcpy(pathinfo, &appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx], sizeof(*pathinfo));
				pathinfo->_cache_path = NULL;
			}
		}
	}

	pthread_ret = pthread_mutex_unlock(&appfs_path_info_cache_mutex);
	if (pthread_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Unable to unlock path_info cache mutex !");

		return(-1);
	}

	if (retval == 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Cache hit on %s", path);
	} else {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Cache miss on %s", path);
	}

	return(retval);
}

static void appfs_get_path_info_cache_add(const char *path, uid_t uid, struct appfs_pathinfo *pathinfo) {
	unsigned int hash_idx;
	int pthread_ret;

	pthread_ret = pthread_mutex_lock(&appfs_path_info_cache_mutex);
	if (pthread_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Unable to lock path_info cache mutex !");

		return;
	}

	if (appfs_path_info_cache == NULL) {
		appfs_path_info_cache = calloc(appfs_path_info_cache_size, sizeof(*appfs_path_info_cache));
	}

	hash_idx = (appfs_get_path_inode(path) + uid) % appfs_path_info_cache_size;

	if (appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx]._cache_path != NULL) {
		free(appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx]._cache_path);
	}

	memcpy(&appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx], pathinfo, sizeof(*pathinfo));

	appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx]._cache_path = strdup(path);
	appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx]._cache_uid  = uid;

	pthread_ret = pthread_mutex_unlock(&appfs_path_info_cache_mutex);
	if (pthread_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Unable to unlock path_info cache mutex !");

		return;
	}

	return;
}

static void appfs_get_path_info_cache_rm(const char *path, uid_t uid) {
	unsigned int hash_idx;
	int pthread_ret;

	pthread_ret = pthread_mutex_lock(&appfs_path_info_cache_mutex);
	if (pthread_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Unable to lock path_info cache mutex !");

		return;
	}

	if (appfs_path_info_cache != NULL) {
		hash_idx = (appfs_get_path_inode(path) + uid) % appfs_path_info_cache_size;

		if (appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx]._cache_path != NULL) {
			free(appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx]._cache_path);

			appfs_path_info_cache[hash_idx]._cache_path = NULL;
		}
	}

	pthread_ret = pthread_mutex_unlock(&appfs_path_info_cache_mutex);
	if (pthread_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Unable to unlock path_info cache mutex !");

		return;
	}

	return;
}

static void appfs_get_path_info_cache_flush(uid_t uid, int new_size) {
	unsigned int idx;
	int pthread_ret;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Flushing AppFS cache (uid = %lli, new_size = %i)", (long long) uid, new_size);

	pthread_ret = pthread_mutex_lock(&appfs_path_info_cache_mutex);
	if (pthread_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Unable to lock path_info cache mutex !");

		return;
	}

	if (appfs_path_info_cache != NULL) {
		for (idx = 0; idx < appfs_path_info_cache_size; idx++) {
			if (appfs_path_info_cache[idx]._cache_path != NULL) {
				if (uid != ((uid_t) -1)) {
					if (appfs_path_info_cache[idx]._cache_uid != uid) {
						continue;
					}
				}

				free(appfs_path_info_cache[idx]._cache_path);

				appfs_path_info_cache[idx]._cache_path = NULL;
			}
		}
	}

	if (uid == ((uid_t) -1)) {
		free(appfs_path_info_cache);

		appfs_path_info_cache = NULL;

		if (new_size != -1) {
			appfs_path_info_cache_size = new_size;
		}
	}

	pthread_ret = pthread_mutex_unlock(&appfs_path_info_cache_mutex);
	if (pthread_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Unable to unlock path_info cache mutex !");

		return;
	}

	return;
}

/* Get information about a path, and optionally list children */
static int appfs_get_path_info(const char *path, struct appfs_pathinfo *pathinfo) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	Tcl_Obj *attrs_dict, *attr_value;
	const char *attr_value_str;
	Tcl_WideInt attr_value_wide;
	int attr_value_int;
	static __thread Tcl_Obj *attr_key_type = NULL, *attr_key_perms = NULL, *attr_key_size = NULL, *attr_key_time = NULL, *attr_key_source = NULL, *attr_key_childcount = NULL, *attr_key_packaged = NULL;
	int cache_ret;
	int tcl_ret;
	int retval;
	uid_t fsuid;

	retval = 0;

	fsuid = appfs_get_fsuid();

	cache_ret = appfs_get_path_info_cache_get(path, fsuid, pathinfo);
	if (cache_ret == 0) {
		if (pathinfo->type == APPFS_PATHTYPE_DOES_NOT_EXIST) {
			APPFS_DEBUG("Returning from cache: does not exist \"%s\"", path);

			return(-ENOENT);
		}

		if (pathinfo->type == APPFS_PATHTYPE_INVALID) {
			APPFS_DEBUG("Returning from cache: invalid object \"%s\"", path);

			return(-EIO);
		}

		return(0);
	}

	interp = appfs_TclInterp();
	if (interp == NULL) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: Unable to get an interpreter");

		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Preserve(interp);)

	tcl_ret = appfs_Tcl_Eval(interp, 2, "::appfs::getattr", path);
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("::appfs::getattr(%s) failed.", path);
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			APPFS_DEBUG("Tcl Error is: %s", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		pathinfo->type = APPFS_PATHTYPE_DOES_NOT_EXIST;

		appfs_get_path_info_cache_add(path, fsuid, pathinfo);

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		return(-ENOENT);
	}

	if (attr_key_type == NULL) {
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			attr_key_type       = Tcl_NewStringObj("type", -1);
			attr_key_perms      = Tcl_NewStringObj("perms", -1);
			attr_key_size       = Tcl_NewStringObj("size", -1);
			attr_key_time       = Tcl_NewStringObj("time", -1);
			attr_key_source     = Tcl_NewStringObj("source", -1);
			attr_key_childcount = Tcl_NewStringObj("childcount", -1);
			attr_key_packaged   = Tcl_NewStringObj("packaged", -1);

			Tcl_IncrRefCount(attr_key_type);
			Tcl_IncrRefCount(attr_key_perms);
			Tcl_IncrRefCount(attr_key_size);
			Tcl_IncrRefCount(attr_key_time);
			Tcl_IncrRefCount(attr_key_source);
			Tcl_IncrRefCount(attr_key_childcount);
			Tcl_IncrRefCount(attr_key_packaged);
		)
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		attrs_dict = Tcl_GetObjResult(interp);
		tcl_ret = Tcl_DictObjGet(interp, attrs_dict, attr_key_type, &attr_value);
	)
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("[dict get \"type\"] failed");
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			APPFS_DEBUG("Tcl Error is: %s", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		return(-EIO);
	}

	if (attr_value == NULL) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: Unable to get type for \"%s\" from Tcl", path);

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		return(-EIO);
	}

	pathinfo->packaged = 0;
	pathinfo->inode = appfs_get_path_inode(path);

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		attr_value_str = Tcl_GetString(attr_value);

		switch (attr_value_str[0]) {
			case 'd': /* directory */
				pathinfo->type = APPFS_PATHTYPE_DIRECTORY;
				pathinfo->typeinfo.dir.childcount = 0;

				Tcl_DictObjGet(interp, attrs_dict, attr_key_childcount, &attr_value);
				if (attr_value != NULL) {
					tcl_ret = Tcl_GetWideIntFromObj(NULL, attr_value, &attr_value_wide);
					if (tcl_ret == TCL_OK) {
						pathinfo->typeinfo.dir.childcount = attr_value_wide;
					}
				}

				break;
			case 'f': /* file */
				pathinfo->type = APPFS_PATHTYPE_FILE;
				pathinfo->typeinfo.file.size = 0;
				pathinfo->typeinfo.file.executable = 0;

				Tcl_DictObjGet(interp, attrs_dict, attr_key_size, &attr_value);
				if (attr_value != NULL) {
					tcl_ret = Tcl_GetWideIntFromObj(NULL, attr_value, &attr_value_wide);
					if (tcl_ret == TCL_OK) {
						pathinfo->typeinfo.file.size = attr_value_wide;
					}
				}

				Tcl_DictObjGet(interp, attrs_dict, attr_key_perms, &attr_value);
				if (attr_value != NULL) {
					attr_value_str = Tcl_GetString(attr_value);
					if (attr_value_str[0] == 'x') {
						pathinfo->typeinfo.file.executable = 1;
					}
				}
				break;
			case 's': /* symlink */
				pathinfo->type = APPFS_PATHTYPE_SYMLINK;
				pathinfo->typeinfo.symlink.size = 0;
				pathinfo->typeinfo.symlink.source[0] = '\0';

				Tcl_DictObjGet(interp, attrs_dict, attr_key_source, &attr_value);
				if (attr_value != NULL) {
					attr_value_str = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(attr_value, &attr_value_int); 

					if ((attr_value_int + 1) <= sizeof(pathinfo->typeinfo.symlink.source)) {
						pathinfo->typeinfo.symlink.size = attr_value_int;
						pathinfo->typeinfo.symlink.source[attr_value_int] = '\0';

						memcpy(pathinfo->typeinfo.symlink.source, attr_value_str, attr_value_int);
					}
				}
				break;
			case 'F': /* pipe/fifo */
				pathinfo->type = APPFS_PATHTYPE_FIFO;
				break;
			case 'S': /* UNIX domain socket */
				pathinfo->type = APPFS_PATHTYPE_SOCKET;
				break;
			default:
				retval = -EIO;
		}

		Tcl_DictObjGet(interp, attrs_dict, attr_key_packaged, &attr_value);
		if (attr_value != NULL) {
			pathinfo->packaged = 1;
		}

		Tcl_DictObjGet(interp, attrs_dict, attr_key_time, &attr_value);
		if (attr_value != NULL) {
			tcl_ret = Tcl_GetWideIntFromObj(NULL, attr_value, &attr_value_wide);
			if (tcl_ret == TCL_OK) {
				pathinfo->time = attr_value_wide;
			}
		} else {
			pathinfo->time = appfs_boottime;
		}

		Tcl_Release(interp);
	)

	if (retval == 0) {
		appfs_get_path_info_cache_add(path, fsuid, pathinfo);
	} else {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: Invalid type for \"%s\" from Tcl", path);
	}

	return(retval);
}

static char *appfs_prepare_to_create(const char *path) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	const char *real_path;
	int tcl_ret;

	appfs_get_path_info_cache_flush(appfs_get_fsuid(), -1);

	interp = appfs_TclInterp();
	if (interp == NULL) {
		return(NULL);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Preserve(interp);)

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		tcl_ret = appfs_Tcl_Eval(interp, 2, "::appfs::prepare_to_create", path);
	)
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("::appfs::prepare_to_create(%s) failed.", path);
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			APPFS_DEBUG("Tcl Error is: %s", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		return(NULL);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		real_path = Tcl_GetStringResult(interp);
	)

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

	if (real_path == NULL) {
		return(NULL);
	}

	return(strdup(real_path));
}

static char *appfs_localpath(const char *path) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	const char *real_path;
	int tcl_ret;

	interp = appfs_TclInterp();
	if (interp == NULL) {
		return(NULL);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Preserve(interp);)

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		tcl_ret = appfs_Tcl_Eval(interp, 2, "::appfs::localpath", path);
	)
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("::appfs::localpath(%s) failed.", path);
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			APPFS_DEBUG("Tcl Error is: %s", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		return(NULL);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		real_path = Tcl_GetStringResult(interp);
	)

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

	if (real_path == NULL) {
		return(NULL);
	}

	return(strdup(real_path));
}

#if (defined(DEBUG) && defined(APPFS_EXIT_PATH)) || defined(APPFS_EXIT_PATH_ENABLE_MAJOR_SECURITY_HOLE)
static void appfs_exit(void) {
	int global_interp_reset_key;

	global_interp_reset_key = __sync_fetch_and_add(&interp_reset_key, 0);
	__sync_fetch_and_sub(&interp_reset_key, global_interp_reset_key);

	while (__sync_sub_and_fetch(&interp_reset_key, 1) >= 0) {
		/* Busy Loop */
	}

	global_interp_reset_key = __sync_fetch_and_add(&interp_reset_key, 0);
	if (global_interp_reset_key != -1) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Error sending kill signal to all threads, aborting anyway.");
	}

	appfs_get_path_info_cache_flush(-1, -1);

	fuse_exit(fuse_get_context()->fuse);

	return;
}
#endif

static int appfs_fuse_readlink(const char *path, char *buf, size_t size) {
	struct appfs_pathinfo pathinfo;
	int retval = 0;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

	pathinfo.type = APPFS_PATHTYPE_INVALID;

	retval = appfs_get_path_info(path, &pathinfo);
	if (retval != 0) {
		return(retval);
	}

	if (pathinfo.type != APPFS_PATHTYPE_SYMLINK) {
		return(-EINVAL);
	}

	if ((strlen(pathinfo.typeinfo.symlink.source) + 1) > size) {
		return(-ENAMETOOLONG);
	}

	memcpy(buf, pathinfo.typeinfo.symlink.source, strlen(pathinfo.typeinfo.symlink.source) + 1);

	return(0);
}

static int appfs_fuse_getattr(const char *path, struct stat *stbuf) {
	struct appfs_pathinfo pathinfo;
	int retval;

	retval = 0;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

#if (defined(DEBUG) && defined(APPFS_EXIT_PATH)) || defined(APPFS_EXIT_PATH_ENABLE_MAJOR_SECURITY_HOLE)
	/*
	 * This is a major security issue so we cannot let it be compiled into
	 * any release
	 */

	if (strcmp(path, "/exit") == 0) {
		appfs_exit();
	}
#endif

	pathinfo.type = APPFS_PATHTYPE_INVALID;

	retval = appfs_get_path_info(path, &pathinfo);
	if (retval != 0) {
		if (retval == -ENOENT) {
			APPFS_DEBUG("get_path_info returned ENOENT, returning it as well.");
		} else {
			APPFS_DEBUG("error: get_path_info failed");
		}

		return(retval);
	}

	memset(stbuf, 0, sizeof(struct stat));

	stbuf->st_mtime = pathinfo.time;
	stbuf->st_ctime = pathinfo.time;
	stbuf->st_atime = pathinfo.time;
	stbuf->st_ino   = pathinfo.inode;
	stbuf->st_mode  = 0;

	switch (pathinfo.type) {
		case APPFS_PATHTYPE_DIRECTORY:
			stbuf->st_mode = S_IFDIR | 0555;
			stbuf->st_nlink = 2 + pathinfo.typeinfo.dir.childcount;
			break;
		case APPFS_PATHTYPE_FILE:
			if (pathinfo.typeinfo.file.executable) {
				stbuf->st_mode = S_IFREG | 0555;
			} else {
				stbuf->st_mode = S_IFREG | 0444;
			}

			stbuf->st_nlink = 1;
			stbuf->st_size = pathinfo.typeinfo.file.size;
			break;
		case APPFS_PATHTYPE_SYMLINK:
			stbuf->st_mode = S_IFLNK | 0555;
			stbuf->st_nlink = 1;
			stbuf->st_size = pathinfo.typeinfo.symlink.size;
			break;
		case APPFS_PATHTYPE_SOCKET:
			stbuf->st_mode = S_IFSOCK | 0555;
			stbuf->st_nlink = 1;
			stbuf->st_size = 0;
			break;
		case APPFS_PATHTYPE_FIFO:
			stbuf->st_mode = S_IFIFO | 0555;
			stbuf->st_nlink = 1;
			stbuf->st_size = 0;
			break;
		case APPFS_PATHTYPE_DOES_NOT_EXIST:
			retval = -ENOENT;

			break;
		case APPFS_PATHTYPE_INVALID:
			retval = -EIO;

			break;
	}

	if (pathinfo.packaged) {
		stbuf->st_uid   = appfs_get_fsuid();
		stbuf->st_gid   = appfs_get_fsgid();
		stbuf->st_mode |= 0200;
	}

	return(retval);
}

static int appfs_fuse_readdir(const char *path, void *buf, fuse_fill_dir_t filler, off_t offset, struct fuse_file_info *fi) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	Tcl_Obj **children;
	int children_count, idx;
	int tcl_ret;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

	interp = appfs_TclInterp();
	if (interp == NULL) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: Unable to get an interpreter");

		return(0);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Preserve(interp);)

	filler(buf, ".", NULL, 0);
	filler(buf, "..", NULL, 0);

	tcl_ret = appfs_Tcl_Eval(interp, 2, "::appfs::getchildren", path);
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("::appfs::getchildren(%s) failed.", path);
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			APPFS_DEBUG("Tcl Error is: %s", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		return(0);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		tcl_ret = Tcl_ListObjGetElements(interp, Tcl_GetObjResult(interp), &children_count, &children);
	)
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Parsing list of children on path %s failed.", path);
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			APPFS_DEBUG("Tcl Error is: %s", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		return(0);
	}

	for (idx = 0; idx < children_count; idx++) {
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			filler(buf, Tcl_GetString(children[idx]), NULL, 0);
		)
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

	return(0);
}

static int appfs_fuse_open(const char *path, struct fuse_file_info *fi) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	struct appfs_pathinfo pathinfo;
	const char *real_path, *mode;
	int gpi_ret, tcl_ret;
	int fh;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

	gpi_ret = appfs_get_path_info(path, &pathinfo);

	if ((fi->flags & (O_WRONLY|O_CREAT)) == (O_CREAT|O_WRONLY)) {
		/* The file will be created if it does not exist */
		if (gpi_ret != 0 && gpi_ret != -ENOENT) {
			APPFS_DEBUG("error: get_path_info failed");

			return(gpi_ret);
		}

		mode = "create";

		/*
		 * We have to clear the cache here so that the number of
		 * links gets maintained on the parent directory
		 */
		appfs_get_path_info_cache_flush(appfs_get_fsuid(), -1);
	} else {
		/* The file must already exist */
		if (gpi_ret != 0) {
			APPFS_DEBUG("error: get_path_info failed");

			return(gpi_ret);
		}

		mode = "";

		if ((fi->flags & O_WRONLY) == O_WRONLY) {
			mode = "write";
		}
	}

	if (pathinfo.type == APPFS_PATHTYPE_DIRECTORY) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: Asked to open a directory.");

		return(-EISDIR);
	}

	interp = appfs_TclInterp();
	if (interp == NULL) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: Unable to get an interpreter");

		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Preserve(interp);)

	tcl_ret = appfs_Tcl_Eval(interp, 3, "::appfs::openpath", path, mode);
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("::appfs::openpath(%s, %s) failed.", path, mode);
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			APPFS_DEBUG("Tcl Error is: %s", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		real_path = Tcl_GetStringResult(interp);
	)

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

	if (real_path == NULL) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: real_path was NULL.")

		return(-EIO);
	}

	APPFS_DEBUG("Translated request to open %s to opening %s (mode = \"%s\")", path, real_path, mode);

	fh = open(real_path, fi->flags, 0600);

	if (fh < 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: open failed");

		return(errno * -1);
	}

	fi->fh = fh;

	return(0);
}

static int appfs_fuse_close(const char *path, struct fuse_file_info *fi) {
	int close_ret;

	appfs_get_path_info_cache_rm(path, appfs_get_fsuid());

	close_ret = close(fi->fh);
	if (close_ret != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: close failed");

		return(errno * -1);
	}

	return(0);
}

static int appfs_fuse_read(const char *path, char *buf, size_t size, off_t offset, struct fuse_file_info *fi) {
	ssize_t read_ret;
	int retval;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, buf, %lli, %lli, fd=%lli)", path, (long long) size, (long long) offset, (long long) fi->fh);

	retval = 0;

	while (size != 0) {
		read_ret = pread(fi->fh, buf, size, offset);

		if (read_ret < 0) {
			APPFS_DEBUG("error: read failed");

			return(errno * -1);
		}

		if (read_ret == 0) {
			break;
		}

		size -= read_ret;
		buf  += read_ret;
		offset += read_ret;
		retval += read_ret;
	}

	if (size != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: incomplete read (this might be an error because FUSE will request the exact length of the file)");
	}

	APPFS_DEBUG("Returning: %i", retval);

	return(retval);
}

static int appfs_fuse_write(const char *path, const char *buf, size_t size, off_t offset, struct fuse_file_info *fi) {
	ssize_t write_ret;
	int retval;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

	appfs_get_path_info_cache_rm(path, appfs_get_fsuid());

	retval = 0;

	while (size != 0) {
		write_ret = pwrite(fi->fh, buf, size, offset);

		if (write_ret < 0) {
			APPFS_DEBUG("error: write failed");

			return(errno * -1);
		}

		if (write_ret == 0) {
			break;
		}

		size -= write_ret;
		buf  += write_ret;
		offset += write_ret;
		retval += write_ret;
	}

	if (size != 0) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("error: incomplete write");
	}

	return(retval);
}

static int appfs_fuse_mknod(const char *path, mode_t mode, dev_t device) {
	char *real_path;
	int mknod_ret;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

	if ((mode & S_IFCHR) == S_IFCHR) {
		return(-EPERM);
	}

	if ((mode & S_IFBLK) == S_IFBLK) {
		return(-EPERM);
	}

	real_path = appfs_prepare_to_create(path);
	if (real_path == NULL) {
		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_enter();

	mknod_ret = mknod(real_path, mode, device);

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_leave();

	free(real_path);

	if (mknod_ret != 0) {
		return(errno * -1);
	}

	return(0);
}

static int appfs_fuse_create(const char *path, mode_t mode, struct fuse_file_info *fi) {
	char *real_path;
	int fd;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

	if ((mode & S_IFCHR) == S_IFCHR) {
		return(-EPERM);
	}

	if ((mode & S_IFBLK) == S_IFBLK) {
		return(-EPERM);
	}

	real_path = appfs_prepare_to_create(path);
	if (real_path == NULL) {
		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_enter();

	fd = creat(real_path, mode);

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_leave();

	free(real_path);

	if (fd < 0) {
		return(errno * -1);
	}

	fi->fh = fd;

	return(0);
}

static int appfs_fuse_truncate(const char *path, off_t size) {
	char *real_path;
	int truncate_ret;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

	real_path = appfs_localpath(path);
	if (real_path == NULL) {
		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_get_path_info_cache_rm(path, appfs_get_fsuid());

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_enter();

	truncate_ret = truncate(real_path, size);

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_leave();

	free(real_path);

	if (truncate_ret != 0) {
		return(errno * -1);
	}

	return(0);
}

static int appfs_fuse_unlink_rmdir(const char *path) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	int tcl_ret;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

	appfs_get_path_info_cache_flush(appfs_get_fsuid(), -1);

	interp = appfs_TclInterp();
	if (interp == NULL) {
		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Preserve(interp);)

	tcl_ret = appfs_Tcl_Eval(interp, 2, "::appfs::unlinkpath", path);
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("::appfs::unlinkpath(%s) failed.", path);
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			APPFS_DEBUG("Tcl Error is: %s", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

	return(0);
}

static int appfs_fuse_mkdir(const char *path, mode_t mode) {
	char *real_path;
	int mkdir_ret;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

	real_path = appfs_prepare_to_create(path);
	if (real_path == NULL) {
		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_enter();

	mkdir_ret = mkdir(real_path, mode);

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_leave();

	free(real_path);

	if (mkdir_ret != 0) {
		if (errno != EEXIST) {
			return(errno * -1);
		}
	}

	return(0);
}

static int appfs_fuse_chmod(const char *path, mode_t mode) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	const char *real_path;
	int tcl_ret, chmod_ret;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, ...)", path);

	appfs_get_path_info_cache_rm(path, appfs_get_fsuid());

	interp = appfs_TclInterp();
	if (interp == NULL) {
		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Preserve(interp);)

	tcl_ret = appfs_Tcl_Eval(interp, 3, "::appfs::openpath", path, "write");
	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("::appfs::openpath(%s, %s) failed.", path, "write");
		appfs_call_libtcl(
			APPFS_DEBUG("Tcl Error is: %s", Tcl_GetStringResult(interp));
		)

		appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		real_path = Tcl_GetStringResult(interp);
	)

	appfs_call_libtcl(Tcl_Release(interp);)

	if (real_path == NULL) {
		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_enter();

	chmod_ret = chmod(real_path, mode);

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_leave();

	return(chmod_ret);
}

static int appfs_fuse_symlink(const char *oldpath, const char *newpath) {
	char *real_path;
	int symlink_ret;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Enter (path = %s, %s)", oldpath, newpath);

	real_path = appfs_prepare_to_create(newpath);
	if (real_path == NULL) {
		return(-EIO);
	}

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_enter();

	symlink_ret = symlink(oldpath, real_path);

	appfs_simulate_user_fs_leave();

	free(real_path);

	if (symlink_ret != 0) {
		return(errno * -1);
	}

	return(0);
}

/*
 * SQLite3 mode: Execute raw SQL and return success or failure
 */
static int appfs_sqlite3(const char *sql) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	const char *sql_ret;
	int tcl_ret;

	interp = appfs_create_TclInterp(NULL);
	if (interp == NULL) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to create a Tcl interpreter.  Aborting.\n");

		return(1);
	}

	tcl_ret = appfs_Tcl_Eval(interp, 5, "::appfs::db", "eval", sql, "row", "unset -nocomplain row(*); parray row; puts \"----\"");
	sql_ret = Tcl_GetStringResult(interp);

	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		fprintf(stderr, "[error] %s\n", sql_ret);

		return(1);
	}

	if (sql_ret && sql_ret[0] != '\0') {
		printf("%s\n", sql_ret);
	}

	return(0);
}

/*
 * Tcl mode: Execute raw Tcl and return success or failure
 */
static int appfs_tcl(const char *tcl) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;
	const char *tcl_result;
	int tcl_ret;

	interp = appfs_create_TclInterp(NULL);
	if (interp == NULL) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to create a Tcl interpreter.  Aborting.\n");

		return(1);
	}

	tcl_ret = Tcl_Eval(interp, tcl);
	tcl_result = Tcl_GetStringResult(interp);

	if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
		fprintf(stderr, "[error] %s\n", Tcl_GetVar(interp, "errorInfo", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY));

		return(1);
	}

	if (tcl_result && tcl_result[0] != '\0') {
		printf("%s\n", tcl_result);
	}

	return(0);
}

/*
 * AppFSd Package for Tcl:
 *         Bridge for I/O operations to request information about the current
 *         transaction
 */
/*
 * Tcl interface to get the home directory for the user making the "current"
 * FUSE I/O request
 */
static int tcl_appfs_get_homedir(ClientData cd, Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]) {
	char *homedir;
	Tcl_Obj *homedir_obj;
	uid_t fsuid;
	static __thread Tcl_Obj *last_homedir_obj = NULL;
	static __thread uid_t last_fsuid = -1;

        if (objc != 1) {
                Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, NULL);
                return(TCL_ERROR);
        }

	fsuid = appfs_get_fsuid();

	if (fsuid == last_fsuid && last_homedir_obj != NULL) {
		homedir_obj = last_homedir_obj;

		Tcl_IncrRefCount(homedir_obj);
	} else {
		homedir = appfs_get_homedir(appfs_get_fsuid());

		if (homedir == NULL) {
			return(TCL_ERROR);
		}

		homedir_obj = Tcl_NewStringObj(homedir, -1);

		free(homedir);

		Tcl_IncrRefCount(homedir_obj);

		if (last_homedir_obj != NULL) {
			Tcl_DecrRefCount(last_homedir_obj);
		}

		last_homedir_obj = homedir_obj;
		last_fsuid = fsuid;

		Tcl_IncrRefCount(homedir_obj);
	}

       	Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, homedir_obj);

	Tcl_DecrRefCount(homedir_obj);

        return(TCL_OK);
}

static int tcl_appfs_simulate_user_fs_enter(ClientData cd, Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]) {
	appfs_simulate_user_fs_enter();

	return(TCL_OK);
}

static int tcl_appfs_simulate_user_fs_leave(ClientData cd, Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]) {
	appfs_simulate_user_fs_leave();

	return(TCL_OK);
}

static int tcl_appfs_get_fsuid(ClientData cd, Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]) {
	uid_t fsuid;

	fsuid = appfs_get_fsuid();

       	Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewWideIntObj(fsuid));

	return(TCL_OK);
}

static int tcl_appfs_get_fsgid(ClientData cd, Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]) {
	gid_t fsgid;

	fsgid = appfs_get_fsgid();

       	Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewWideIntObj(fsgid));

	return(TCL_OK);
}

static int tcl_appfs_get_path_info_cache_flush(ClientData cd, Tcl_Interp *interp, int objc, Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]) {
	int tcl_ret;
	int new_size;

	new_size = -1;

	if (objc == 2) {
		tcl_ret = Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[1], &new_size);
		if (tcl_ret != TCL_OK) {
			return(tcl_ret);
		}
	} else if (objc > 2 || objc < 1) {
                Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "?new_cache_size?");
		return(TCL_ERROR);
	}

	appfs_get_path_info_cache_flush(-1, new_size);

	return(TCL_OK);
}

static int Appfsd_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp) {
#ifdef USE_TCL_STUBS
	if (Tcl_InitStubs(interp, TCL_VERSION, 0) == 0L) {
		return(TCL_ERROR);
	}
#endif

	Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "appfsd::get_homedir", tcl_appfs_get_homedir, NULL, NULL);
	Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "appfsd::get_fsuid", tcl_appfs_get_fsuid, NULL, NULL);
	Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "appfsd::get_fsgid", tcl_appfs_get_fsgid, NULL, NULL);
	Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "appfsd::simulate_user_fs_enter", tcl_appfs_simulate_user_fs_enter, NULL, NULL);
	Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "appfsd::simulate_user_fs_leave", tcl_appfs_simulate_user_fs_leave, NULL, NULL);
	Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "appfsd::get_path_info_cache_flush", tcl_appfs_get_path_info_cache_flush, NULL, NULL);

	Tcl_PkgProvide(interp, "appfsd", "1.0");

	return(TCL_OK);
}

/*
 * Hot-restart support
 */
/* Initiate a hot-restart */
static void appfs_hot_restart(void) {
	APPFS_DEBUG("Asked to initiate hot restart");

	appfs_tcl_ResetInterps();

	appfs_get_path_info_cache_flush(-1, -1);

	return;
}

/*
 * Signal handler
 *         SIGHUP initiates a hot restart
 */
static void appfs_signal_handler(int sig) {
	/* Do not handle signals until FUSE has been started */
	if (!appfs_fuse_started) {
		return;
	}

	/* Request to perform a "hot" restart */
	if (sig == SIGHUP) {
		appfs_hot_restart();
	}

	return;
}

/*
 * Terminate a thread
 */
static void appfs_terminate_interp_and_thread(void *_interp) {
	Tcl_Interp *interp;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Called: _interp = %p", _interp);

	if (_interp == NULL) {
		APPFS_DEBUG("Terminating thread with no interpreter");

		return;
	}

	interp = _interp;

	APPFS_DEBUG("Terminating interpreter due to thread termination");

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		Tcl_DeleteInterp(interp);
	)

	appfs_call_libtcl(
		Tcl_FinalizeThread();
	)

	return;
}

/*
 * Command-line parsing tools
 */
static void appfs_print_help(FILE *channel) {
	fprintf(channel, "Usage: {appfsd|mount.appfs} [-o <option>] [-dfsh] <cachedir> <mountpoint>\n");
	fprintf(channel, "\n");
	fprintf(channel, "Options:\n");
	fprintf(channel, "  -d              Enable FUSE debug mode.\n");
	fprintf(channel, "  -f              Run in foreground.\n");
	fprintf(channel, "  -s              Enable single threaded mode.\n");
	fprintf(channel, "  -h              Give this help.\n");
	fprintf(channel, "  -o nothreads    Enable single threaded mode.\n");
	fprintf(channel, "  -o allow_other  Allow other users to access this mountpoint (default\n");
	fprintf(channel, "                  if root).\n");

	return;
}

static int appfs_opt_parse(int argc, char **argv,  struct fuse_args *args) {
	int ch;
	char *optstr, *optstr_next, *optstr_s;
	char fake_arg[3] = {'-', 0, 0};

	/*
	 * Default values
	 */
#ifdef TCL_THREADS
	appfs_threaded_tcl = 1;
#else
	appfs_threaded_tcl = 0;
#endif

	/**
	 ** Add FUSE arguments which we always supply
	 **/
	fuse_opt_add_arg(args, "-odefault_permissions,fsname=appfs,subtype=appfsd,use_ino,kernel_cache,entry_timeout=0,attr_timeout=0,big_writes,intr,hard_remove");

	if (getuid() == 0) {
		fuse_opt_parse(args, NULL, NULL, NULL);
		fuse_opt_add_arg(args, "-oallow_other");
	}

	while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "dfsho:")) != -1) {
		switch (ch) {
			case 'o':
				optstr_next = optstr = optstr_s = strdup(optarg);

				while (1) {
					optstr = optstr_next;

					if (!optstr) {
						break;
					}

					optstr_next = strchr(optstr, ',');
					if (optstr_next) {
						*optstr_next = '\0';
						optstr_next++;
					}

					if (strcmp(optstr, "nothreads") == 0) {
						fuse_opt_parse(args, NULL, NULL, NULL);
						fuse_opt_add_arg(args, "-s");

						appfs_threaded_tcl = 0;
					} else if (strcmp(optstr, "allow_other") == 0) {
						fuse_opt_parse(args, NULL, NULL, NULL);
						fuse_opt_add_arg(args, "-oallow_other");
					} else {
						fprintf(stderr, "appfsd: invalid option: \"-o %s\"\n", optstr);

						free(optstr_s);

						return(1);
					}
				}

				free(optstr_s);

				break;
			case 'd':
			case 'f':
			case 's':
				if (ch == 's') {
					appfs_threaded_tcl = 0;
				}

				fake_arg[1] = ch;

				APPFS_DEBUG("Passing option to FUSE: %s", fake_arg);

				fuse_opt_parse(args, NULL, NULL, NULL);
				fuse_opt_add_arg(args, fake_arg);
				break;
			case 'h':
				appfs_print_help(stdout);

				return(0);
			case ':':
			case '?':
			default:
				appfs_print_help(stderr);

				return(1);
		}
	}

	if ((optind + 2) != argc) {
		if ((optind + 2) < argc) {
			fprintf(stderr, "Too many arguments\n");
		} else {
			fprintf(stderr, "Missing cachedir or mountpoint\n");
		}

		appfs_print_help(stderr);

		return(1);
	}

	/*
	 * Set cache dir as first argument (the "device", essentially)
	 */
	appfs_cachedir = argv[optind];

	/*
	 * Pass the remaining argument to FUSE as the directory
	 */
	fuse_opt_parse(args, NULL, NULL, NULL);
	fuse_opt_add_arg(args, argv[optind + 1]);

	return(0);
}


/*
 * FUSE operations structure
 */
static struct fuse_operations appfs_operations = {
	.getattr   = appfs_fuse_getattr,
	.readdir   = appfs_fuse_readdir,
	.readlink  = appfs_fuse_readlink,
	.open      = appfs_fuse_open,
	.release   = appfs_fuse_close,
	.read      = appfs_fuse_read,
	.write     = appfs_fuse_write,
	.mknod     = appfs_fuse_mknod,
	.create    = appfs_fuse_create,
	.truncate  = appfs_fuse_truncate,
	.unlink    = appfs_fuse_unlink_rmdir,
	.rmdir     = appfs_fuse_unlink_rmdir,
	.mkdir     = appfs_fuse_mkdir,
	.chmod     = appfs_fuse_chmod,
	.symlink   = appfs_fuse_symlink,
};

/*
 * Entry point into this program.
 */
int main(int argc, char **argv) {
	Tcl_Interp *test_interp;
	char *test_interp_error;
	struct fuse_args args = FUSE_ARGS_INIT(0, NULL);
	int pthread_ret, aop_ret;
	void *signal_ret;
	char *argv0;

	/*
	 * Skip passed program name
	 */
	if (argc == 0 || argv == NULL) {
		return(1);
	}

	argv0 = argv[0];

	argc--;
	argv++;

	/*
	 * Set global variables, these should be configuration options.
	 */
	appfs_cachedir = APPFS_CACHEDIR;

	/*
	 * Set global variable for "boot time" to set a time on directories
	 * that we fake.
	 */
	appfs_boottime = time(NULL);

	/*
	 * Register "sha1" and "appfsd" package with libtcl so that any new
	 * interpreters created (which are done dynamically by FUSE) can have
	 * the appropriate configuration done automatically.
	 */
	Tcl_StaticPackage(NULL, "sha1", Sha1_Init, NULL);
	Tcl_StaticPackage(NULL, "appfsd", Appfsd_Init, NULL);

	/*
	 * Create a thread-specific-data (TSD) key for each thread to refer
	 * to its own Tcl interpreter.  Tcl interpreters must be unique per
	 * thread and new threads are dynamically created by FUSE.
	 */
	pthread_ret = pthread_key_create(&interpKey, appfs_terminate_interp_and_thread);
	if (pthread_ret != 0) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to create TSD key for Tcl.  Aborting.\n");

		return(1);
	}

	/*
	 * Manually specify cache directory, without FUSE callback
	 * This option only works when not using FUSE, since we
	 * do not process it with FUSEs option processing.
	 */
	if (argc >= 2) {
		if (strcmp(argv[0], "--cachedir") == 0) {
			appfs_cachedir = strdup(argv[1]);

			argc -= 2;
			argv += 2;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * SQLite3 mode, for running raw SQL against the cache database
	 */
	if (argc == 2 && strcmp(argv[0], "--sqlite3") == 0) {
		return(appfs_sqlite3(argv[1]));
	}

	/*
	 * Tcl mode, for running raw Tcl in the same environment AppFSd would
	 * run code.
	 */
	if (argc == 2 && strcmp(argv[0], "--tcl") == 0) {
		return(appfs_tcl(argv[1]));
	}

	/*
	 * Register a signal handler for hot-restart requests
	 */
	signal_ret = signal(SIGHUP, appfs_signal_handler);
	if (signal_ret == SIG_ERR) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to install signal handler for hot-restart\n");
		fprintf(stderr, "Hot-restart will not be available.\n");
	}

	/*
	 * Parse command line arguments
	 */
	/**
	 ** Restore argc/argv to original values, replacing argv[0] in case
	 ** it was moified by --cachedir option.
	 **/
	argc++;
	argv--;
	argv[0] = argv0;

	/**
	 ** Perform the argument parsing
	 **/
	aop_ret = appfs_opt_parse(argc, argv, &args);
	if (aop_ret != 0) {
		return(aop_ret);
	}

	/*
	 * Create a Tcl interpreter just to verify that things are in working 
	 * order before we become a daemon.
	 */
	test_interp = appfs_create_TclInterp(&test_interp_error);
	if (test_interp == NULL) {
		if (test_interp_error == NULL) {
			test_interp_error = "Unknown error";
		}

		fprintf(stderr, "Unable to initialize Tcl interpreter for AppFSd:\n");
		fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", test_interp_error);

		return(1);
	}

	Tcl_DeleteInterp(test_interp);

	if (appfs_threaded_tcl) {
		Tcl_FinalizeNotifier(NULL);
	}

	/*
	 * Enter the FUSE main loop -- this will process any arguments
	 * and start servicing requests.
	 */
	appfs_fuse_started = 1;
	return(fuse_main(args.argc, args.argv, &appfs_operations, NULL));
}