Check-in [7f3379f3a9]
Not logged in

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Import the latest SQLite core from upstream.
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:7f3379f3a9926e20551803e57d955bf02c8b0bd0
User & Date: drh 2012-10-03 14:58:47
Context
2012-10-05
12:10
Merge the controlInfoLink branch into trunk. check-in: 71c3b67a79 user: drh tags: trunk
08:28
Simplify internal link generation for control artifacts to avoid using escaped HTML entities. Closed-Leaf check-in: bcf41d31ca user: mistachkin tags: controlInfoLink
2012-10-03
19:54
Integration work for the markdown engine provided by Natacha Porté. check-in: d38c6eef06 user: mistachkin tags: markdown
14:58
Import the latest SQLite core from upstream. check-in: 7f3379f3a9 user: drh tags: trunk
2012-10-02
23:01
Enable building with the TCL stubs library and then loading the main TCL library at run-time, and only if needed. check-in: 25f7fa1157 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes

Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
....
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425











1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
....
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440

1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
....
8379
8380
8381
8382
8383
8384
8385



8386
8387
8388
8389
8390
8391
8392
....
9148
9149
9150
9151
9152
9153
9154

9155
9156
9157
9158
9159
9160
9161
.....
25823
25824
25825
25826
25827
25828
25829


25830
25831
25832
25833
25834
25835
25836
.....
25912
25913
25914
25915
25916
25917
25918


25919
25920
25921
25922
25923
25924
25925
.....
39556
39557
39558
39559
39560
39561
39562















39563
39564
39565
39566
39567
39568
39569
.....
39592
39593
39594
39595
39596
39597
39598
39599
39600
39601
39602
39603
39604
39605
39606
39607
39608
39609
39610
39611
39612
39613
.....
40516
40517
40518
40519
40520
40521
40522
40523
40524
40525







40526
40527
40528
40529
40530
40531
40532
.....
46813
46814
46815
46816
46817
46818
46819
46820
46821
46822
46823
46824
46825
46826
46827
.....
50225
50226
50227
50228
50229
50230
50231


















50232
50233
50234
50235
50236
50237
50238
.....
53282
53283
53284
53285
53286
53287
53288
53289
53290
53291
53292
53293
53294
53295
53296
.....
53948
53949
53950
53951
53952
53953
53954



53955
53956
53957
53958
53959
53960
53961
.....
54578
54579
54580
54581
54582
54583
54584



54585
54586
54587
54588
54589
54590
54591
.....
56556
56557
56558
56559
56560
56561
56562



56563
56564
56565
56566
56567
56568
56569

56570
56571
56572
56573
56574
56575
56576
.....
91598
91599
91600
91601
91602
91603
91604

91605
91606
91607
91608
91609
91610
91611
......
102121
102122
102123
102124
102125
102126
102127
102128
102129
102130
102131

102132
102133
102134
102135
102136
102137
102138
......
102152
102153
102154
102155
102156
102157
102158











102159
102160
102161
102162
102163
102164
102165
......
103304
103305
103306
103307
103308
103309
103310

103311
103312
103313
103314
103315
103316
103317
103318
......
103368
103369
103370
103371
103372
103373
103374

103375
103376
103377
103378
103379
103380
103381
103382
......
103470
103471
103472
103473
103474
103475
103476
103477
103478
103479
103480
103481
103482
103483
103484
103485
103486
103487
103488
103489
103490
103491
103492
103493
103494
103495
103496
103497
103498
103499
103500
103501
103502
103503
103504
103505
103506
103507
103508
103509
103510
103511
103512
103513
103514
103515
103516
103517
103518
103519
103520
103521
103522
103523
103524
103525
103526
103527
103528
103529
103530
103531
103532
103533
103534
103535
103536
103537
103538
103539
103540
103541
103542
103543
103544
103545
103546
103547
103548
103549
103550
103551
103552
103553
103554
103555
103556
103557
103558
103559
103560
103561
103562
103563
103564
103565
103566
103567
103568
103569
103570
103571
103572
103573
103574
103575
103576
103577
103578
103579
103580
103581
103582
103583
103584
103585
103586
103587
103588
103589
103590
103591
103592
103593
103594
103595
103596
103597
103598
103599
103600
103601
103602
103603
103604
103605
103606
103607
103608
103609
103610
103611
103612
103613
103614
103615
103616
103617
103618
103619
103620
103621
103622
103623
103624
103625
103626
103627
103628
103629
103630
103631
103632
103633
103634
103635
103636
103637
103638
103639
103640
103641
103642
103643
......
103783
103784
103785
103786
103787
103788
103789

103790
103791
103792
103793
103794
103795
103796
......
104325
104326
104327
104328
104329
104330
104331
104332



104333
104334
104335
104336
104337
104338
104339
......
104748
104749
104750
104751
104752
104753
104754



104755


104756
104757
104758
104759
104760
104761

104762
104763
104764
104765
104766
104767
104768
104769
104770
104771
......
104790
104791
104792
104793
104794
104795
104796
104797
104798
104799
104800
104801
104802
104803
104804
104805
104806
104807
104808
104809
104810
104811
104812







































































































































































104813
104814
104815
104816
104817
104818
104819
......
104900
104901
104902
104903
104904
104905
104906
104907
104908
104909
104910
104911
104912

104913
104914
104915
104916
104917
104918
104919
104920
104921
104922
104923
104924
104925
......
104958
104959
104960
104961
104962
104963
104964
104965
104966
104967
104968
104969
104970
104971
104972
......
104977
104978
104979
104980
104981
104982
104983
104984
104985
104986
104987
104988
104989
104990
104991
104992
104993
104994
104995
104996
104997
104998
104999
105000

105001





105002
105003

105004
105005

105006
105007
105008
105009
105010
105011
105012
105013
105014
105015
105016
105017
105018
105019
105020
105021
105022
105023
105024
105025
105026
105027
105028
105029
105030
105031
105032
105033
105034
105035
105036
105037
105038
105039
105040
105041
105042
105043
105044
105045
105046
105047


105048

105049

105050
105051
105052
105053
105054
105055
105056
105057
105058
105059
105060
105061
105062
105063
105064
105065
105066
105067
105068
105069
105070
105071
105072
105073
105074
105075

105076
105077
105078
105079
105080
105081
105082



105083
105084
105085
105086
105087
105088
105089
105090
105091
105092
105093
105094
105095
105096
105097
105098
105099
105100
105101
105102
105103
105104
105105
105106
105107
105108
105109
105110
105111
105112
105113
105114
105115
105116
105117
105118
105119
105120
105121
105122
105123
105124
105125
105126
105127
105128
105129
105130
105131
105132
105133
105134
105135
105136
105137
105138

105139
105140
105141
105142
105143
105144

105145
105146
105147

105148
105149
105150
105151
105152
105153
105154
105155
105156
105157
105158
105159
105160
105161
105162
105163
......
105164
105165
105166
105167
105168
105169
105170
105171
105172
105173
105174
105175
105176
105177
105178
105179
105180
105181
105182
105183
105184
105185
105186
105187
105188
105189
105190
105191
105192
105193

105194
105195
105196

105197
105198
105199
105200
105201
105202
105203
105204
105205
105206
105207
105208
105209
105210
105211
105212
105213
105214
105215
105216
105217
105218
105219
105220
105221
105222
105223
105224
105225
105226
105227
105228


105229
105230
105231

105232
105233
105234
105235
105236
105237
105238
......
105245
105246
105247
105248
105249
105250
105251
105252
105253
105254
105255
105256
105257
105258
105259
105260
105261
105262
105263
105264
105265
105266
105267
105268
105269
105270
105271
105272
105273
105274
105275
105276
105277
105278
105279
105280
105281
105282
105283
105284
105285
105286
105287
105288
105289
105290
105291
105292
105293
105294
105295
105296
105297
105298
105299
105300
105301
105302

105303
105304
105305
105306
105307
105308
105309
105310
105311
105312
105313
105314
105315
105316
105317
105318
105319
105320
105321
105322
105323
......
105331
105332
105333
105334
105335
105336
105337
105338
105339
105340
105341
105342
105343
105344
105345
105346
105347
105348
105349
105350
105351
105352
105353
105354
105355
......
106069
106070
106071
106072
106073
106074
106075
106076
106077
106078
106079
106080
106081
106082
106083
......
106890
106891
106892
106893
106894
106895
106896
106897
106898
106899
106900
106901
106902
106903
106904
106905
......
106932
106933
106934
106935
106936
106937
106938
106939
106940
106941
106942
106943
106944
106945
106946
106947
106948
106949
106950
106951
106952
106953

106954
106955
106956
106957
106958
106959
106960
106961
106962
106963
106964
106965

106966
106967
106968
106969
106970
106971
106972
106973
106974
106975
106976

106977
106978
106979
106980
106981
106982
106983
......
107011
107012
107013
107014
107015
107016
107017






107018
107019
107020
107021
107022

107023
107024
107025
107026
107027
107028
107029
......
107043
107044
107045
107046
107047
107048
107049
107050
107051
107052
107053
107054
107055
107056
107057
......
114976
114977
114978
114979
114980
114981
114982
114983
114984
114985
114986
114987
114988
114989
114990
......
135230
135231
135232
135233
135234
135235
135236
135237
135238
135239
135240
135241
135242
135243
135244
......
135433
135434
135435
135436
135437
135438
135439
135440
135441
135442
135443
135444
135445
135446
135447
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.15"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007015
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2012-09-28 00:44:28 1e874629d7cf568368b912b295bd3001147d0b52"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** prepared statement.  ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns
** any result code other than [SQLITE_OK] or [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], that means
** that the VFS encountered an error while handling the [PRAGMA] and the
** compilation of the PRAGMA fails with an error.  ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
** file control occurs at the beginning of pragma statement analysis and so
** it is able to override built-in [PRAGMA] statements.
** </ul>











*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE             2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE             3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO                    4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE              6
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED            8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY          9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL            10
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE              11
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME                12
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    13
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14


/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(Btree*);



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(Btree *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree*, const char *zMaster);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*,int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_file *sqlite3PagerFile(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerTempSpace(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerCacheStat(Pager *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerClearCache(Pager *);


/* Functions used to truncate the database file. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager*,Pgno);

#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerCodec(DbPage *);
#endif
................................................................................
static int seekAndRead(unixFile *id, sqlite3_int64 offset, void *pBuf, int cnt){
  int got;
  int prior = 0;
#if (!defined(USE_PREAD) && !defined(USE_PREAD64))
  i64 newOffset;
#endif
  TIMER_START;


  do{
#if defined(USE_PREAD)
    got = osPread(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
    got = osPread64(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
................................................................................
** is set before returning.
*/
static int seekAndWrite(unixFile *id, i64 offset, const void *pBuf, int cnt){
  int got;
#if (!defined(USE_PREAD) && !defined(USE_PREAD64))
  i64 newOffset;
#endif


  TIMER_START;
#if defined(USE_PREAD)
  do{ got = osPwrite(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset); }while( got<0 && errno==EINTR );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
  do{ got = osPwrite64(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);}while( got<0 && errno==EINTR);
#else
  do{
................................................................................
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pPager->dbFileSize = nPage;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
















/*
** Set the value of the Pager.sectorSize variable for the given
** pager based on the value returned by the xSectorSize method
** of the open database file. The sector size will be used used 
** to determine the size and alignment of journal header and 
** master journal pointers within created journal files.
................................................................................
              SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE)!=0
  ){
    /* Sector size doesn't matter for temporary files. Also, the file
    ** may not have been opened yet, in which case the OsSectorSize()
    ** call will segfault. */
    pPager->sectorSize = 512;
  }else{
    pPager->sectorSize = sqlite3OsSectorSize(pPager->fd);
    if( pPager->sectorSize<32 ){
      pPager->sectorSize = 512;
    }
    if( pPager->sectorSize>MAX_SECTOR_SIZE ){
      assert( MAX_SECTOR_SIZE>=512 );
      pPager->sectorSize = MAX_SECTOR_SIZE;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Playback the journal and thus restore the database file to
** the state it was in before we started making changes.  
**
................................................................................
** retried. If it returns zero, then the SQLITE_BUSY error is
** returned to the caller of the pager API function.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(
  Pager *pPager,                       /* Pager object */
  int (*xBusyHandler)(void *),         /* Pointer to busy-handler function */
  void *pBusyHandlerArg                /* Argument to pass to xBusyHandler */
){  
  pPager->xBusyHandler = xBusyHandler;
  pPager->pBusyHandlerArg = pBusyHandlerArg;







}

/*
** Change the page size used by the Pager object. The new page size 
** is passed in *pPageSize.
**
** If the pager is in the error state when this function is called, it
................................................................................
  ** final frame is repeated (with its commit mark) until the next sector
  ** boundary is crossed.  Only the part of the WAL prior to the last
  ** sector boundary is synced; the part of the last frame that extends
  ** past the sector boundary is written after the sync.
  */
  if( isCommit && (sync_flags & WAL_SYNC_TRANSACTIONS)!=0 ){
    if( pWal->padToSectorBoundary ){
      int sectorSize = sqlite3OsSectorSize(pWal->pWalFd);
      w.iSyncPoint = ((iOffset+sectorSize-1)/sectorSize)*sectorSize;
      while( iOffset<w.iSyncPoint ){
        rc = walWriteOneFrame(&w, pLast, nTruncate, iOffset);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        iOffset += szFrame;
        nExtra++;
      }
................................................................................

/*
** Return the currently defined page size
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree *p){
  return p->pBt->pageSize;
}



















#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM)
/*
** Return the number of bytes of space at the end of every page that
** are intentually left unused.  This is the "reserved" space that is
** sometimes used by extensions.
*/
................................................................................

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  if( info.iOverflow==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  if( pCell+info.iOverflow+3 > pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT;  /* Cell extends past end of page */
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
  assert( pBt->usableSize > 4 );
  ovflPageSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;
  nOvfl = (info.nPayload - info.nLocal + ovflPageSize - 1)/ovflPageSize;
  assert( ovflPgno==0 || nOvfl>0 );
  while( nOvfl-- ){
................................................................................
** size of a cell stored within an internal node is always less than 1/4
** of the page-size, the aOvflSpace[] buffer is guaranteed to be large
** enough for all overflow cells.
**
** If aOvflSpace is set to a null pointer, this function returns 
** SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/



static int balance_nonroot(
  MemPage *pParent,               /* Parent page of siblings being balanced */
  int iParentIdx,                 /* Index of "the page" in pParent */
  u8 *aOvflSpace,                 /* page-size bytes of space for parent ovfl */
  int isRoot,                     /* True if pParent is a root-page */
  int bBulk                       /* True if this call is part of a bulk load */
){
................................................................................
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    releasePage(apNew[i]);
  }

  return rc;
}





/*
** This function is called when the root page of a b-tree structure is
** overfull (has one or more overflow pages).
**
** A new child page is allocated and the contents of the current root
................................................................................
static int backupOnePage(sqlite3_backup *p, Pgno iSrcPg, const u8 *zSrcData){
  Pager * const pDestPager = sqlite3BtreePager(p->pDest);
  const int nSrcPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc);
  int nDestPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pDest);
  const int nCopy = MIN(nSrcPgsz, nDestPgsz);
  const i64 iEnd = (i64)iSrcPg*(i64)nSrcPgsz;
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC



  int nSrcReserve = sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(p->pSrc);
  int nDestReserve = sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(p->pDest);
#endif

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  i64 iOff;


  assert( p->bDestLocked );
  assert( !isFatalError(p->rc) );
  assert( iSrcPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pSrc->pBt) );
  assert( zSrcData );

  /* Catch the case where the destination is an in-memory database and the
  ** page sizes of the source and destination differ. 
................................................................................
  ** connection.  If it returns SQLITE_OK, then assume that the VFS
  ** handled the pragma and generate a no-op prepared statement.
  */
  aFcntl[0] = 0;
  aFcntl[1] = zLeft;
  aFcntl[2] = zRight;
  aFcntl[3] = 0;

  rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA, (void*)aFcntl);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( aFcntl[0] ){
      int mem = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, mem, 0, aFcntl[0], 0);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "result", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
#define WHERE_COLUMN_NULL  0x00080000  /* x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x000f0000  /* Anything that uses an index */
#define WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN 0x100f3000  /* Does not do a full table scan */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x000f1000  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_TOP_LIMIT    0x00100000  /* x<EXPR or x<=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BTM_LIMIT    0x00200000  /* x>EXPR or x>=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT   0x00300000  /* Both x>EXPR and x<EXPR */
#define WHERE_IDX_ONLY     0x00800000  /* Use index only - omit table */
#define WHERE_ORDERBY      0x01000000  /* Output will appear in correct order */
#define WHERE_REVERSE      0x02000000  /* Scan in reverse order */
#define WHERE_UNIQUE       0x04000000  /* Selects no more than one row */

#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x08000000  /* Use virtual-table processing */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x10000000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_TEMP_INDEX   0x20000000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT     0x40000000  /* Correct order for DISTINCT */
#define WHERE_COVER_SCAN   0x80000000  /* Full scan of a covering index */

/*
................................................................................
  ExprList *pOrderBy;             /* The ORDER BY clause */
  ExprList *pDistinct;            /* The select-list if query is DISTINCT */
  sqlite3_index_info **ppIdxInfo; /* Index information passed to xBestIndex */
  int i, n;                       /* Which loop is being coded; # of loops */
  WhereLevel *aLevel;             /* Info about outer loops */
  WhereCost cost;                 /* Lowest cost query plan */
};












/*
** Initialize a preallocated WhereClause structure.
*/
static void whereClauseInit(
  WhereClause *pWC,        /* The WhereClause to be initialized */
  Parse *pParse,           /* The parsing context */
................................................................................
*/
static int indexIsUniqueNotNull(Index *pIdx, int nSkip){
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
  int i;
  if( pIdx->onError==OE_None ) return 0;
  for(i=nSkip; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    int j = pIdx->aiColumn[i];

    if( j>=0 && pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

/*
** This function searches the expression list passed as the second argument
** for an expression of type TK_COLUMN that refers to the same column and
................................................................................
  int base,                       /* Cursor number for the table pIdx is on */
  ExprList *pDistinct,            /* The DISTINCT expressions */
  int nEqCol                      /* Number of index columns with == */
){
  Bitmask mask = 0;               /* Mask of unaccounted for pDistinct exprs */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */


  if( pIdx->zName==0 || pDistinct==0 || pDistinct->nExpr>=BMS ) return 0;
  testcase( pDistinct->nExpr==BMS-1 );

  /* Loop through all the expressions in the distinct list. If any of them
  ** are not simple column references, return early. Otherwise, test if the
  ** WHERE clause contains a "col=X" clause. If it does, the expression
  ** can be ignored. If it does not, and the column does not belong to the
  ** same table as index pIdx, return early. Finally, if there is no
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** This routine decides if pIdx can be used to satisfy the ORDER BY
** clause, either in whole or in part.  The return value is the 
** cumulative number of terms in the ORDER BY clause that are satisfied
** by the index pIdx and other indices in outer loops.
**
** The table being queried has a cursor number of "base".  pIdx is the
** index that is postulated for use to access the table.
**
** nEqCol is the number of columns of pIdx that are used as equality
** constraints and where the other side of the == is an ordered column
** or constant.  An "order column" in the previous sentence means a column
** in table from an outer loop whose values will always appear in the 
** correct order due to othre index, or because the outer loop generates
** a unique result.  Any of the first nEqCol columns of pIdx may be missing
** from the ORDER BY clause and the match can still be a success.
**
** The *pbRev value is set to 0 order 1 depending on whether or not
** pIdx should be run in the forward order or in reverse order.
*/
static int isSortingIndex(
  WhereBestIdx *p,    /* Best index search context */
  Index *pIdx,        /* The index we are testing */
  int base,           /* Cursor number for the table to be sorted */
  int nEqCol,         /* Number of index columns with ordered == constraints */
  int wsFlags,        /* Index usages flags */
  int bOuterRev,      /* True if outer loops scan in reverse order */
  int *pbRev          /* Set to 1 for reverse-order scan of pIdx */
){
  int i;                        /* Number of pIdx terms used */
  int j;                        /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied */
  int sortOrder = 0;            /* XOR of index and ORDER BY sort direction */
  int nTerm;                    /* Number of ORDER BY terms */
  struct ExprList_item *pTerm;  /* A term of the ORDER BY clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;           /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Parse *pParse = p->pParse;    /* Parser context */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database connection */
  int nPriorSat;                /* ORDER BY terms satisfied by outer loops */
  int seenRowid = 0;            /* True if an ORDER BY rowid term is seen */
  int nEqOneRow;                /* Idx columns that ref unique values */

  if( p->i==0 ){
    nPriorSat = 0;
    nEqOneRow = nEqCol;
  }else{
    if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin) ) return 0;
    nPriorSat = p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat;
    sortOrder = bOuterRev;
    nEqOneRow = 0;
  }
  if( p->i>0 && nEqCol==0 /*&& !allOuterLoopsUnique(p)*/ ) return nPriorSat;
  pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
  if( !pOrderBy ) return nPriorSat;
  if( wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN ) return nPriorSat;
  if( pIdx->bUnordered ) return nPriorSat;
  nTerm = pOrderBy->nExpr;
  assert( nTerm>0 );

  /* Argument pIdx must either point to a 'real' named index structure, 
  ** or an index structure allocated on the stack by bestBtreeIndex() to
  ** represent the rowid index that is part of every table.  */
  assert( pIdx->zName || (pIdx->nColumn==1 && pIdx->aiColumn[0]==-1) );

  /* Match terms of the ORDER BY clause against columns of
  ** the index.
  **
  ** Note that indices have pIdx->nColumn regular columns plus
  ** one additional column containing the rowid.  The rowid column
  ** of the index is also allowed to match against the ORDER BY
  ** clause.
  */
  for(i=0,j=nPriorSat,pTerm=&pOrderBy->a[j]; j<nTerm && i<=pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    Expr *pExpr;       /* The expression of the ORDER BY pTerm */
    CollSeq *pColl;    /* The collating sequence of pExpr */
    int termSortOrder; /* Sort order for this term */
    int iColumn;       /* The i-th column of the index.  -1 for rowid */
    int iSortOrder;    /* 1 for DESC, 0 for ASC on the i-th index term */
    const char *zColl; /* Name of the collating sequence for i-th index term */

    pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
    if( pExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN || pExpr->iTable!=base ){
      /* Can not use an index sort on anything that is not a column in the
      ** left-most table of the FROM clause */
      break;
    }
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr);
    if( !pColl ){
      pColl = db->pDfltColl;
    }
    if( pIdx->zName && i<pIdx->nColumn ){
      iColumn = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( iColumn==pIdx->pTable->iPKey ){
        iColumn = -1;
      }
      iSortOrder = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
      zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];
    }else{
      iColumn = -1;
      iSortOrder = 0;
      zColl = pColl->zName;
    }
    if( pExpr->iColumn!=iColumn || sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, zColl) ){
      /* Term j of the ORDER BY clause does not match column i of the index */
      if( i<nEqCol ){
        /* If an index column that is constrained by == fails to match an
        ** ORDER BY term, that is OK.  Just ignore that column of the index
        */
        continue;
      }else if( i==pIdx->nColumn ){
        /* Index column i is the rowid.  All other terms match. */
        break;
      }else{
        /* If an index column fails to match and is not constrained by ==
        ** then the index cannot satisfy the ORDER BY constraint.
        */
        return nPriorSat;
      }
    }
    assert( pIdx->aSortOrder!=0 || iColumn==-1 );
    assert( pTerm->sortOrder==0 || pTerm->sortOrder==1 );
    assert( iSortOrder==0 || iSortOrder==1 );
    termSortOrder = iSortOrder ^ pTerm->sortOrder;
    if( i>nEqOneRow ){
      if( termSortOrder!=sortOrder ){
        /* Indices can only be used if all ORDER BY terms past the
        ** equality constraints are all either DESC or ASC. */
        break;
      }
    }else{
      sortOrder = termSortOrder;
    }
    j++;
    pTerm++;
    if( iColumn<0 ){
      seenRowid = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  *pbRev = sortOrder;

  /* If there was an "ORDER BY rowid" term that matched, or it is only
  ** possible for a single row from this table to match, then skip over
  ** any additional ORDER BY terms dealing with this table.
  */
  if( seenRowid ||
     (   (wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL)==0
      && i>=pIdx->nColumn
      && indexIsUniqueNotNull(pIdx, nEqCol)
     )
  ){
    /* Advance j over additional ORDER BY terms associated with base */
    WhereMaskSet *pMS = p->pWC->pMaskSet;
    Bitmask m = ~getMask(pMS, base);
    while( j<nTerm && (exprTableUsage(pMS, pOrderBy->a[j].pExpr)&m)==0 ){
      j++;
    }
  }
  return j;
}

/*
** Prepare a crude estimate of the logarithm of the input value.
** The results need not be exact.  This is only used for estimating
** the total cost of performing operations with O(logN) or O(NlogN)
** complexity.  Because N is just a guess, it is no great tragedy if
** logN is a little off.
*/
................................................................................
      ** less than the current cost stored in pCost, replace the contents
      ** of pCost. */
      WHERETRACE(("... multi-index OR cost=%.9g nrow=%.9g\n", rTotal, nRow));
      if( rTotal<p->cost.rCost ){
        p->cost.rCost = rTotal;
        p->cost.used = used;
        p->cost.plan.nRow = nRow;

        p->cost.plan.wsFlags = flags;
        p->cost.plan.u.pTerm = pTerm;
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */
}
................................................................................
  if( (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2))<rCost ){
    p->cost.rCost = (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2));
  }else{
    p->cost.rCost = rCost;
  }
  p->cost.plan.u.pVtabIdx = pIdxInfo;
  if( pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ){
    p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERBY;



  }
  p->cost.plan.nEq = 0;
  pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;

  /* Try to find a more efficient access pattern by using multiple indexes
  ** to optimize an OR expression within the WHERE clause. 
  */
................................................................................
static int isOrderedColumn(WhereBestIdx *p, int iTab, int iCol, int *pbRev){
  int i, j;
  WhereLevel *pLevel = &p->aLevel[p->i-1];
  Index *pIdx;
  u8 sortOrder;
  for(i=p->i-1; i>=0; i--, pLevel--){
    if( pLevel->iTabCur!=iTab ) continue;



    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 ){


      pIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pIdx;
      if( iCol<0 ){
        sortOrder = 0;
        testcase( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0 );
      }else{
        for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){

          if( iCol==pIdx->aiColumn[j] ) break;
        }
        if( j>=pIdx->nColumn ) return 0;
        sortOrder = pIdx->aSortOrder[j];
        testcase( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0 );
      }
    }else{
      if( iCol!=(-1) ) return 0;
      sortOrder = 0;
      testcase( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0 );
................................................................................
** by outer loops.  Return 1 if pTerm is ordered, and 0 if not.
*/
static int isOrderedTerm(WhereBestIdx *p, WhereTerm *pTerm, int *pbRev){
  Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_EQ );
  assert( pExpr->pLeft!=0 && pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN );
  assert( pExpr->pRight!=0 );
  if( p->i==0 ){
    return 1;  /* All == are ordered in the outer loop */
  }
  if( pTerm->prereqRight==0 ){
    return 1;  /* RHS of the == is a constant */
  }
  if( pExpr->pRight->op==TK_COLUMN 
   && isOrderedColumn(p, pExpr->pRight->iTable, pExpr->pRight->iColumn, pbRev)
  ){
    return 1;
  }

  /* If we cannot prove that the constraint is ordered, assume it is not */
  return 0;
}









































































































































































/*
** Find the best query plan for accessing a particular table.  Write the
** best query plan and its cost into the p->cost.
**
** The lowest cost plan wins.  The cost is an estimate of the amount of
** CPU and disk I/O needed to process the requested result.
................................................................................
    pIdx = 0;
  }

  /* Loop over all indices looking for the best one to use
  */
  for(; pProbe; pIdx=pProbe=pProbe->pNext){
    const tRowcnt * const aiRowEst = pProbe->aiRowEst;
    double cost;                /* Cost of using pProbe */
    double nRow;                /* Estimated number of rows in result set */
    double log10N = (double)1;  /* base-10 logarithm of nRow (inexact) */
    int bRev = 2;               /* 0=forward scan.  1=reverse.  2=undecided */
    int wsFlags = 0;
    Bitmask used = 0;


    /* The following variables are populated based on the properties of
    ** index being evaluated. They are then used to determine the expected
    ** cost and number of rows returned.
    **
    **  nEq: 
    **    Number of equality terms that can be implemented using the index.
    **    In other words, the number of initial fields in the index that
    **    are used in == or IN or NOT NULL constraints of the WHERE clause.
    **
    **  nInMul:  
    **    The "in-multiplier". This is an estimate of how many seek operations 
    **    SQLite must perform on the index in question. For example, if the 
................................................................................
    **    space to 1/16th of its original size (rangeDiv==16).
    **
    **  bSort:   
    **    Boolean. True if there is an ORDER BY clause that will require an 
    **    external sort (i.e. scanning the index being evaluated will not 
    **    correctly order records).
    **
    **  bDistinct:
    **    Boolean. True if there is a DISTINCT clause that will require an 
    **    external btree.
    **
    **  bLookup: 
    **    Boolean. True if a table lookup is required for each index entry
    **    visited.  In other words, true if this is not a covering index.
    **    This is always false for the rowid primary key index of a table.
................................................................................
    **    two queries requires table b-tree lookups in order to find the value
    **    of column c, but the first does not because columns a and b are
    **    both available in the index.
    **
    **             SELECT a, b    FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    **             SELECT a, b, c FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    */
    int nEq;                      /* Number of == or IN terms matching index */
    int nOrdered;                 /* Number of ordered terms matching index */
    int bInEst = 0;               /* True if "x IN (SELECT...)" seen */
    int nInMul = 1;               /* Number of distinct equalities to lookup */
    double rangeDiv = (double)1;  /* Estimated reduction in search space */
    int nBound = 0;               /* Number of range constraints seen */
    int bSort;                    /* True if external sort required */
    int bDist;                    /* True if index cannot help with DISTINCT */
    int bLookup = 0;              /* True if not a covering index */
    int nOBSat = 0;               /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied */
    int nOrderBy;                 /* Number of ORDER BY terms */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    WhereTerm *pFirstTerm = 0;    /* First term matching the index */
#endif

    nOrderBy = p->pOrderBy ? p->pOrderBy->nExpr : 0;

    bSort = nOrderBy>0 && (p->i==0 || p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat<nOrderBy);





    bDist = p->i==0 && p->pDistinct!=0;


    /* Determine the values of nEq and nInMul */
    for(nEq=nOrdered=0; nEq<pProbe->nColumn; nEq++){

      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, eqTermMask, pIdx);
      if( pTerm==0 ) break;
      wsFlags |= (WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_EQ);
      testcase( pTerm->pWC!=pWC );
      if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
        Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
        wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
          /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  Assume the SELECT returns 25 rows */
          nInMul *= 25;
          bInEst = 1;
        }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
          /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
          nInMul *= pExpr->x.pList->nExpr;
        }
      }else if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL ){
        wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
        if( nEq==nOrdered ) nOrdered++;
      }else if( bSort && nEq==nOrdered && isOrderedTerm(p, pTerm, &bRev) ){
        nOrdered++;
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( nEq==0 && pProbe->aSample ) pFirstTerm = pTerm;
#endif
      used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
    }
 
    /* If the index being considered is UNIQUE, and there is an equality 
    ** constraint for all columns in the index, then this search will find
    ** at most a single row. In this case set the WHERE_UNIQUE flag to 
    ** indicate this to the caller.
    **
    ** Otherwise, if the search may find more than one row, test to see if
    ** there is a range constraint on indexed column (nEq+1) that can be 
    ** optimized using the index. 
    */
    if( nEq==pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->onError!=OE_None ){
      testcase( wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN );
      testcase( wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL );
      if( (wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_NULL))==0 ){
        wsFlags |= WHERE_UNIQUE;


      }

    }else if( pProbe->bUnordered==0 ){

      int j = (nEq==pProbe->nColumn ? -1 : pProbe->aiColumn[nEq]);
      if( findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx) ){
        WhereTerm *pTop, *pBtm;
        pTop = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, pIdx);
        pBtm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx);
        whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, nEq, pBtm, pTop, &rangeDiv);
        if( pTop ){
          nBound = 1;
          wsFlags |= WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
          used |= pTop->prereqRight;
          testcase( pTop->pWC!=pWC );
        }
        if( pBtm ){
          nBound++;
          wsFlags |= WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
          used |= pBtm->prereqRight;
          testcase( pBtm->pWC!=pWC );
        }
        wsFlags |= (WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE);
      }
    }

    /* If there is an ORDER BY clause and the index being considered will
    ** naturally scan rows in the required order, set the appropriate flags
    ** in wsFlags. Otherwise, if there is an ORDER BY clause but the index
    ** will scan rows in a different order, set the bSort variable.  */

    assert( bRev>=0 && bRev<=2 );
    if( bSort ){
      testcase( bRev==0 );
      testcase( bRev==1 );
      testcase( bRev==2 );
      nOBSat = isSortingIndex(p, pProbe, iCur, nOrdered,
                              wsFlags, bRev&1, &bRev);



      if( nOrderBy==nOBSat ){
        bSort = 0;
        wsFlags |= WHERE_ROWID_RANGE|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_ORDERBY;
      }
      if( bRev & 1 ) wsFlags |= WHERE_REVERSE;
    }

    /* If there is a DISTINCT qualifier and this index will scan rows in
    ** order of the DISTINCT expressions, clear bDist and set the appropriate
    ** flags in wsFlags. */
    if( bDist
     && isDistinctIndex(pParse, pWC, pProbe, iCur, p->pDistinct, nEq)
     && (wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN)==0
    ){
      bDist = 0;
      wsFlags |= WHERE_ROWID_RANGE|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_DISTINCT;
    }

    /* If currently calculating the cost of using an index (not the IPK
    ** index), determine if all required column data may be obtained without 
    ** using the main table (i.e. if the index is a covering
    ** index for this query). If it is, set the WHERE_IDX_ONLY flag in
    ** wsFlags. Otherwise, set the bLookup variable to true.  */
    if( pIdx ){
      Bitmask m = pSrc->colUsed;
      int j;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){
        int x = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
        if( x<BMS-1 ){
          m &= ~(((Bitmask)1)<<x);
        }
      }
      if( m==0 ){
        wsFlags |= WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }else{
        bLookup = 1;
      }
    }

    /*
    ** Estimate the number of rows of output.  For an "x IN (SELECT...)"
    ** constraint, do not let the estimate exceed half the rows in the table.
    */
    nRow = (double)(aiRowEst[nEq] * nInMul);
    if( bInEst && nRow*2>aiRowEst[0] ){
      nRow = aiRowEst[0]/2;
      nInMul = (int)(nRow / aiRowEst[nEq]);
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    /* If the constraint is of the form x=VALUE or x IN (E1,E2,...)
    ** and we do not think that values of x are unique and if histogram
    ** data is available for column x, then it might be possible
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */

    if( nRow>(double)1 && nEq==1 && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
      assert( (pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))!=0 );
      if( pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL) ){
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight, &nRow);

      }else if( bInEst==0 ){
        assert( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList, &nRow);

      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
    ** that are excluded by range constraints.
    */
    nRow = nRow/rangeDiv;
    if( nRow<1 ) nRow = 1;

    /* Experiments run on real SQLite databases show that the time needed
    ** to do a binary search to locate a row in a table or index is roughly
    ** log10(N) times the time to move from one row to the next row within
    ** a table or index.  The actual times can vary, with the size of
    ** records being an important factor.  Both moves and searches are
    ** slower with larger records, presumably because fewer records fit
................................................................................
    ** on one page and hence more pages have to be fetched.
    **
    ** The ANALYZE command and the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat3 tables do
    ** not give us data on the relative sizes of table and index records.
    ** So this computation assumes table records are about twice as big
    ** as index records
    */
    if( (wsFlags&~WHERE_REVERSE)==WHERE_IDX_ONLY
     && (pWC->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0
     && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis
     && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_CoverIdxScan)
    ){
      /* This index is not useful for indexing, but it is a covering index.
      ** A full-scan of the index might be a little faster than a full-scan
      ** of the table, so give this case a cost slightly less than a table
      ** scan. */
      cost = aiRowEst[0]*3 + pProbe->nColumn;
      wsFlags |= WHERE_COVER_SCAN|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE;
    }else if( (wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
      /* The cost of a full table scan is a number of move operations equal
      ** to the number of rows in the table.
      **
      ** We add an additional 4x penalty to full table scans.  This causes
      ** the cost function to err on the side of choosing an index over
      ** choosing a full scan.  This 4x full-scan penalty is an arguable
      ** decision and one which we expect to revisit in the future.  But
      ** it seems to be working well enough at the moment.
      */
      cost = aiRowEst[0]*4;
      wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;

    }else{
      log10N = estLog(aiRowEst[0]);
      cost = nRow;

      if( pIdx ){
        if( bLookup ){
          /* For an index lookup followed by a table lookup:
          **    nInMul index searches to find the start of each index range
          **  + nRow steps through the index
          **  + nRow table searches to lookup the table entry using the rowid
          */
          cost += (nInMul + nRow)*log10N;
        }else{
          /* For a covering index:
          **     nInMul index searches to find the initial entry 
          **   + nRow steps through the index
          */
          cost += nInMul*log10N;
        }
      }else{
        /* For a rowid primary key lookup:
        **    nInMult table searches to find the initial entry for each range
        **  + nRow steps through the table
        */
        cost += nInMul*log10N;
      }
    }

    /* Add in the estimated cost of sorting the result.  Actual experimental
    ** measurements of sorting performance in SQLite show that sorting time
    ** adds C*N*log10(N) to the cost, where N is the number of rows to be 
    ** sorted and C is a factor between 1.95 and 4.3.  We will split the
    ** difference and select C of 3.0.
    */
    if( bSort ){
      cost += nRow*estLog(nRow*(nOrderBy - nOBSat)/nOrderBy)*3;


    }
    if( bDist ){
      cost += nRow*estLog(nRow)*3;

    }

    /**** Cost of using this index has now been computed ****/

    /* If there are additional constraints on this table that cannot
    ** be used with the current index, but which might lower the number
    ** of output rows, adjust the nRow value accordingly.  This only 
................................................................................
    ** mask will only have one bit set - the bit for the current table.
    ** The notValid mask, on the other hand, always has all bits set for
    ** tables that are not in outer loops.  If notReady is used here instead
    ** of notValid, then a optimal index that depends on inner joins loops
    ** might be selected even when there exists an optimal index that has
    ** no such dependency.
    */
    if( nRow>2 && cost<=p->cost.rCost ){
      int k;                       /* Loop counter */
      int nSkipEq = nEq;           /* Number of == constraints to skip */
      int nSkipRange = nBound;     /* Number of < constraints to skip */
      Bitmask thisTab;             /* Bitmap for pSrc */

      thisTab = getMask(pWC->pMaskSet, iCur);
      for(pTerm=pWC->a, k=pWC->nTerm; nRow>2 && k; k--, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ) continue;
        if( (pTerm->prereqAll & p->notValid)!=thisTab ) continue;
        if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ){
          if( nSkipEq ){
            /* Ignore the first nEq equality matches since the index
            ** has already accounted for these */
            nSkipEq--;
          }else{
            /* Assume each additional equality match reduces the result
            ** set size by a factor of 10 */
            nRow /= 10;
          }
        }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE) ){
          if( nSkipRange ){
            /* Ignore the first nSkipRange range constraints since the index
            ** has already accounted for these */
            nSkipRange--;
          }else{
            /* Assume each additional range constraint reduces the result
            ** set size by a factor of 3.  Indexed range constraints reduce
            ** the search space by a larger factor: 4.  We make indexed range
            ** more selective intentionally because of the subjective 
            ** observation that indexed range constraints really are more
            ** selective in practice, on average. */
            nRow /= 3;
          }
        }else if( pTerm->eOperator!=WO_NOOP ){
          /* Any other expression lowers the output row count by half */
          nRow /= 2;
        }
      }
      if( nRow<2 ) nRow = 2;
    }


    WHERETRACE((
      "%s(%s):\n"
      "    nEq=%d nInMul=%d rangeDiv=%d bSort=%d bLookup=%d wsFlags=0x%08x\n"
      "    notReady=0x%llx log10N=%.1f nRow=%.1f cost=%.1f\n"
      "    used=0x%llx nOrdered=%d nOBSat=%d\n",
      pSrc->pTab->zName, (pIdx ? pIdx->zName : "ipk"), 
      nEq, nInMul, (int)rangeDiv, bSort, bLookup, wsFlags,
      p->notReady, log10N, nRow, cost, used, nOrdered, nOBSat

    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)
     && (cost<p->cost.rCost || (cost<=p->cost.rCost && nRow<p->cost.plan.nRow))
    ){
      p->cost.rCost = cost;
      p->cost.used = used;
      p->cost.plan.nRow = nRow;
      p->cost.plan.wsFlags = (wsFlags&wsFlagMask);
      p->cost.plan.nEq = nEq;
      p->cost.plan.nOBSat = nOBSat;
      p->cost.plan.u.pIdx = pIdx;
    }

    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
    if( pSrc->pIndex ) break;

................................................................................
  ** in. This is used for application testing, to help find cases
  ** where application behaviour depends on the (undefined) order that
  ** SQLite outputs rows in in the absence of an ORDER BY clause.  */
  if( !p->pOrderBy && pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_ReverseOrder ){
    p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_REVERSE;
  }

  assert( p->pOrderBy || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY)==0 );
  assert( p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ROWID_EQ)==0 );
  assert( pSrc->pIndex==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==pSrc->pIndex 
  );

  WHERETRACE(("best index is: %s\n", 
    ((p->cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ? "none" : 
         p->cost.plan.u.pIdx ? p->cost.plan.u.pIdx->zName : "ipk")
  ));
  
  bestOrClauseIndex(p);
  bestAutomaticIndex(p);
  p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= eqTermMask;
}

/*
................................................................................
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    if( (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && (pLevel->plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY)
     && (pIdx->nColumn>nEq)
    ){
      /* assert( pOrderBy->nExpr==1 ); */
      /* assert( pOrderBy->a[0].pExpr->iColumn==pIdx->aiColumn[nEq] ); */
      isMinQuery = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }
................................................................................
        if( (m & sWBI.notValid)==0 ){
          if( j==iFrom ) iFrom++;
          continue;
        }
        sWBI.notReady = (isOptimal ? m : sWBI.notValid);
        if( sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0 ) nUnconstrained++;
  
        WHERETRACE(("=== trying table %d with isOptimal=%d ===\n",
                    j, isOptimal));
        assert( sWBI.pSrc->pTab );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(sWBI.pSrc->pTab) ){
          sWBI.ppIdxInfo = &pWInfo->a[j].pIdxInfo;
          bestVirtualIndex(&sWBI);
        }else 
#endif
................................................................................
        **       index specified by its INDEXED BY clause.  This rule ensures
        **       that a best-so-far is always selected even if an impossible
        **       combination of INDEXED BY clauses are given.  The error
        **       will be detected and relayed back to the application later.
        **       The NEVER() comes about because rule (2) above prevents
        **       An indexable full-table-scan from reaching rule (3).
        **
        **   (4) The plan cost must be lower than prior plans or else the
        **       cost must be the same and the number of rows must be lower.
        */
        if( (sWBI.cost.used&sWBI.notValid)==0                    /* (1) */
            && (bestJ<0 || (notIndexed&m)!=0                     /* (2) */
                || (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0
                || (sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0)
            && (nUnconstrained==0 || sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0        /* (3) */
                || NEVER((sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0))
            && (bestJ<0 || sWBI.cost.rCost<bestPlan.rCost        /* (4) */
                || (sWBI.cost.rCost<=bestPlan.rCost 
                 && sWBI.cost.plan.nRow<bestPlan.plan.nRow))
        ){
          WHERETRACE(("=== table %d is best so far"
                      " with cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d\n",

                      j, sWBI.cost.rCost, sWBI.cost.plan.nRow,
                      sWBI.cost.plan.nOBSat));
          bestPlan = sWBI.cost;
          bestJ = j;
        }
        if( doNotReorder ) break;
      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( sWBI.notValid & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d for loop %d with:\n"
                "    cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d wsFlags=0x%08x\n",

                bestJ, pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow,
                bestPlan.plan.nOBSat, bestPlan.plan.wsFlags));
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY)!=0 ){
      pWInfo->nOBSat = pOrderBy->nExpr;
    }
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_DISTINCT)!=0 ){
      assert( pWInfo->eDistinct==0 );
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED;
    }
    andFlags &= bestPlan.plan.wsFlags;
    pLevel->plan = bestPlan.plan;

    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED );
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX );
    if( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_INDEXED|WHERE_TEMP_INDEX) ){
      if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY) 
       && (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)==0 
      ){
        pLevel->iIdxCur = iIdxCur;
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }
  WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto whereBeginError;
  }







  /* If the total query only selects a single row, then the ORDER BY
  ** clause is irrelevant.
  */
  if( (andFlags & WHERE_UNIQUE)!=0 && pOrderBy ){

    pWInfo->nOBSat = pOrderBy->nExpr;
  }

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constraints
  ** the statement to update a single row.
................................................................................
  for(ii=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; ii<nTabList; ii++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;

    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
    pWInfo->nRowOut *= pLevel->plan.nRow;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 || pTab->pSelect ){
      /* Do nothing */
    }else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
................................................................................
    ** operation N should be 0.  The idea is that a test program (like the
    ** SQL Logic Test or SLT test module) can run the same SQL multiple times
    ** with various optimizations disabled to verify that the same answer
    ** is obtained in every case.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS: {
      sqlite3 *db = va_arg(ap, sqlite3*);
      db->dbOptFlags = (u16)(va_arg(ap, int) & 0xffff);
      break;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_N_KEYWORD
    /* sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD, const char *zWord)
    **
    ** If zWord is a keyword recognized by the parser, then return the
................................................................................
}

/*
** Remove the entry with rowid=iDelete from the r-tree structure.
*/
static int rtreeDeleteRowid(Rtree *pRtree, sqlite3_int64 iDelete){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  RtreeNode *pLeaf;               /* Leaf node containing record iDelete */
  int iCell;                      /* Index of iDelete cell in pLeaf */
  RtreeNode *pRoot;               /* Root node of rtree structure */


  /* Obtain a reference to the root node to initialise Rtree.iDepth */
  rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pRoot);

................................................................................

  /* If the azData[] array contains more than one element, elements
  ** (azData[2]..azData[argc-1]) contain a new record to insert into
  ** the r-tree structure.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nData>1 ){
    /* Insert the new record into the r-tree */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf;

    /* Figure out the rowid of the new row. */
    if( bHaveRowid==0 ){
      rc = newRowid(pRtree, &cell.iRowid);
    }
    *pRowid = cell.iRowid;








|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>







 







>
>
>







 







>







 







>
>







 







>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







<
<
|
<
<
<
<
<







 







|


>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







>
>
>







 







>
>
>







 







>
>
>
|


<



>







 







>







 







|
|
|
|
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
|







 







>
|







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







>







 







|
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
|
>
>
|




|
>


|







 







<
<
<













>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
<


<
<
>





|







 







|







 







<








|







>
|
>
>
>
>
>
|
|
>
|
<
>
|


|



|









|
|
|



|

|








|


|
|
|
|
|
>
>
|
>

>
|




|


|
|




|
|


|





|
|
>





|
|
>
>
>
|

|

|




|

|
|


|






|










|









|
|
|
|









>
|




|
>


|
>







|
|







 







|








|
|
|









|
|
>


<
>







|





|






|










|
>
>


<
>







 







|

|




|




|





|













|



|


|









|
|
>



|

|
<
<
<
|
<
|
<
<







 







|






|
<
|
<







 







|







 







|
|







 







|
|







|
<
<

|
|
>
|
|








|
|
>
|

<
<
<






>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>





>







 







<







 







|







 







|







 







|







671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
....
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
....
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
....
8391
8392
8393
8394
8395
8396
8397
8398
8399
8400
8401
8402
8403
8404
8405
8406
8407
....
9163
9164
9165
9166
9167
9168
9169
9170
9171
9172
9173
9174
9175
9176
9177
.....
25839
25840
25841
25842
25843
25844
25845
25846
25847
25848
25849
25850
25851
25852
25853
25854
.....
25930
25931
25932
25933
25934
25935
25936
25937
25938
25939
25940
25941
25942
25943
25944
25945
.....
39576
39577
39578
39579
39580
39581
39582
39583
39584
39585
39586
39587
39588
39589
39590
39591
39592
39593
39594
39595
39596
39597
39598
39599
39600
39601
39602
39603
39604
.....
39627
39628
39629
39630
39631
39632
39633


39634





39635
39636
39637
39638
39639
39640
39641
.....
40544
40545
40546
40547
40548
40549
40550
40551
40552
40553
40554
40555
40556
40557
40558
40559
40560
40561
40562
40563
40564
40565
40566
40567
.....
46848
46849
46850
46851
46852
46853
46854
46855
46856
46857
46858
46859
46860
46861
46862
.....
50260
50261
50262
50263
50264
50265
50266
50267
50268
50269
50270
50271
50272
50273
50274
50275
50276
50277
50278
50279
50280
50281
50282
50283
50284
50285
50286
50287
50288
50289
50290
50291
.....
53335
53336
53337
53338
53339
53340
53341
53342
53343
53344
53345
53346
53347
53348
53349
.....
54001
54002
54003
54004
54005
54006
54007
54008
54009
54010
54011
54012
54013
54014
54015
54016
54017
.....
54634
54635
54636
54637
54638
54639
54640
54641
54642
54643
54644
54645
54646
54647
54648
54649
54650
.....
56615
56616
56617
56618
56619
56620
56621
56622
56623
56624
56625
56626
56627

56628
56629
56630
56631
56632
56633
56634
56635
56636
56637
56638
.....
91660
91661
91662
91663
91664
91665
91666
91667
91668
91669
91670
91671
91672
91673
91674
......
102184
102185
102186
102187
102188
102189
102190
102191
102192
102193
102194
102195
102196
102197
102198
102199
102200
102201
102202
......
102216
102217
102218
102219
102220
102221
102222
102223
102224
102225
102226
102227
102228
102229
102230
102231
102232
102233
102234
102235
102236
102237
102238
102239
102240
......
103379
103380
103381
103382
103383
103384
103385
103386
103387
103388
103389
103390
103391
103392
103393
103394
......
103444
103445
103446
103447
103448
103449
103450
103451
103452
103453
103454
103455
103456
103457
103458
103459
......
103547
103548
103549
103550
103551
103552
103553
































































































































































103554
103555
103556
103557
103558
103559
103560
......
103700
103701
103702
103703
103704
103705
103706
103707
103708
103709
103710
103711
103712
103713
103714
......
104243
104244
104245
104246
104247
104248
104249
104250
104251
104252
104253
104254
104255
104256
104257
104258
104259
104260
......
104669
104670
104671
104672
104673
104674
104675
104676
104677
104678
104679
104680
104681
104682
104683
104684
104685
104686
104687
104688
104689
104690
104691
104692
104693
104694
104695
104696
104697
104698
......
104717
104718
104719
104720
104721
104722
104723



104724
104725
104726
104727
104728
104729
104730
104731
104732
104733
104734
104735
104736
104737
104738
104739
104740
104741
104742
104743
104744
104745
104746
104747
104748
104749
104750
104751
104752
104753
104754
104755
104756
104757
104758
104759
104760
104761
104762
104763
104764
104765
104766
104767
104768
104769
104770
104771
104772
104773
104774
104775
104776
104777
104778
104779
104780
104781
104782
104783
104784
104785
104786
104787
104788
104789
104790
104791
104792
104793
104794
104795
104796
104797
104798
104799
104800
104801
104802
104803
104804
104805
104806
104807
104808
104809
104810
104811
104812
104813
104814
104815
104816
104817
104818
104819
104820
104821
104822
104823
104824
104825
104826
104827
104828
104829
104830
104831
104832
104833
104834
104835
104836
104837
104838
104839
104840
104841
104842
104843
104844
104845
104846
104847
104848
104849
104850
104851
104852
104853
104854
104855
104856
104857
104858
104859
104860
104861
104862
104863
104864
104865
104866
104867
104868
104869
104870
104871
104872
104873
104874
104875
104876
104877
104878
104879
104880
104881
104882
104883
104884
104885
104886
104887
104888
104889
104890
104891
104892
104893
104894
104895
104896
104897
104898
104899
104900
104901
104902
104903
104904
104905
104906
104907
104908
104909
104910
......
104991
104992
104993
104994
104995
104996
104997
104998

104999
105000


105001
105002
105003
105004
105005
105006
105007
105008
105009
105010
105011
105012
105013
105014
......
105047
105048
105049
105050
105051
105052
105053
105054
105055
105056
105057
105058
105059
105060
105061
......
105066
105067
105068
105069
105070
105071
105072

105073
105074
105075
105076
105077
105078
105079
105080
105081
105082
105083
105084
105085
105086
105087
105088
105089
105090
105091
105092
105093
105094
105095
105096
105097
105098
105099

105100
105101
105102
105103
105104
105105
105106
105107
105108
105109
105110
105111
105112
105113
105114
105115
105116
105117
105118
105119
105120
105121
105122
105123
105124
105125
105126
105127
105128
105129
105130
105131
105132
105133
105134
105135
105136
105137
105138
105139
105140
105141
105142
105143
105144
105145
105146
105147
105148
105149
105150
105151
105152
105153
105154
105155
105156
105157
105158
105159
105160
105161
105162
105163
105164
105165
105166
105167
105168
105169
105170
105171
105172
105173
105174
105175
105176
105177
105178
105179
105180
105181
105182
105183
105184
105185
105186
105187
105188
105189
105190
105191
105192
105193
105194
105195
105196
105197
105198
105199
105200
105201
105202
105203
105204
105205
105206
105207
105208
105209
105210
105211
105212
105213
105214
105215
105216
105217
105218
105219
105220
105221
105222
105223
105224
105225
105226
105227
105228
105229
105230
105231
105232
105233
105234
105235
105236
105237
105238
105239
105240
105241
105242
105243
105244
105245
105246
105247
105248
105249
105250
105251
105252
105253
105254
105255
105256
105257
105258
105259
105260
105261
105262
105263
105264
105265
105266
105267
105268
105269
......
105270
105271
105272
105273
105274
105275
105276
105277
105278
105279
105280
105281
105282
105283
105284
105285
105286
105287
105288
105289
105290
105291
105292
105293
105294
105295
105296
105297
105298
105299
105300
105301
105302

105303
105304
105305
105306
105307
105308
105309
105310
105311
105312
105313
105314
105315
105316
105317
105318
105319
105320
105321
105322
105323
105324
105325
105326
105327
105328
105329
105330
105331
105332
105333
105334
105335
105336
105337
105338
105339

105340
105341
105342
105343
105344
105345
105346
105347
......
105354
105355
105356
105357
105358
105359
105360
105361
105362
105363
105364
105365
105366
105367
105368
105369
105370
105371
105372
105373
105374
105375
105376
105377
105378
105379
105380
105381
105382
105383
105384
105385
105386
105387
105388
105389
105390
105391
105392
105393
105394
105395
105396
105397
105398
105399
105400
105401
105402
105403
105404
105405
105406
105407
105408
105409
105410
105411
105412
105413
105414
105415
105416
105417
105418



105419

105420


105421
105422
105423
105424
105425
105426
105427
......
105435
105436
105437
105438
105439
105440
105441
105442
105443
105444
105445
105446
105447
105448
105449

105450

105451
105452
105453
105454
105455
105456
105457
......
106171
106172
106173
106174
106175
106176
106177
106178
106179
106180
106181
106182
106183
106184
106185
......
106992
106993
106994
106995
106996
106997
106998
106999
107000
107001
107002
107003
107004
107005
107006
107007
......
107034
107035
107036
107037
107038
107039
107040
107041
107042
107043
107044
107045
107046
107047
107048
107049
107050


107051
107052
107053
107054
107055
107056
107057
107058
107059
107060
107061
107062
107063
107064
107065
107066
107067
107068
107069



107070
107071
107072
107073
107074
107075
107076
107077
107078
107079
107080
107081
107082
107083
......
107111
107112
107113
107114
107115
107116
107117
107118
107119
107120
107121
107122
107123
107124
107125
107126
107127
107128
107129
107130
107131
107132
107133
107134
107135
107136
......
107150
107151
107152
107153
107154
107155
107156

107157
107158
107159
107160
107161
107162
107163
......
115082
115083
115084
115085
115086
115087
115088
115089
115090
115091
115092
115093
115094
115095
115096
......
135336
135337
135338
135339
135340
135341
135342
135343
135344
135345
135346
135347
135348
135349
135350
......
135539
135540
135541
135542
135543
135544
135545
135546
135547
135548
135549
135550
135551
135552
135553
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.15"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007015
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2012-10-03 12:56:18 956e4d7f8958e7065ff2d61cd71519d6f4113d4a"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** prepared statement.  ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns
** any result code other than [SQLITE_OK] or [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], that means
** that the VFS encountered an error while handling the [PRAGMA] and the
** compilation of the PRAGMA fails with an error.  ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
** file control occurs at the beginning of pragma statement analysis and so
** it is able to override built-in [PRAGMA] statements.
** </ul>
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER]]
** ^This file-control may be invoked by SQLite on the database file handle
** shortly after it is opened in order to provide a custom VFS with access
** to the connections busy-handler callback. The argument is of type (void **)
** - an array of two (void *) values. The first (void *) actually points
** to a function of type (int (*)(void *)). In order to invoke the connections
** busy-handler, this function should be invoked with the second (void *) in
** the array as the only argument. If it returns non-zero, then the operation
** should be retried. If it returns zero, the custom VFS should abandon the
** current operation.
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE             2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE             3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO                    4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE              6
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED            8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY          9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL            10
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE              11
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME                12
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    13
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER            15

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(Btree*);
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(Btree *p);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(Btree *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree*, const char *zMaster);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*,int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_file *sqlite3PagerFile(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerTempSpace(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerCacheStat(Pager *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerClearCache(Pager *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SectorSize(sqlite3_file *);

/* Functions used to truncate the database file. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager*,Pgno);

#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerCodec(DbPage *);
#endif
................................................................................
static int seekAndRead(unixFile *id, sqlite3_int64 offset, void *pBuf, int cnt){
  int got;
  int prior = 0;
#if (!defined(USE_PREAD) && !defined(USE_PREAD64))
  i64 newOffset;
#endif
  TIMER_START;
  assert( cnt==(cnt&0x1ffff) );
  cnt &= 0x1ffff;
  do{
#if defined(USE_PREAD)
    got = osPread(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
    got = osPread64(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
................................................................................
** is set before returning.
*/
static int seekAndWrite(unixFile *id, i64 offset, const void *pBuf, int cnt){
  int got;
#if (!defined(USE_PREAD) && !defined(USE_PREAD64))
  i64 newOffset;
#endif
  assert( cnt==(cnt&0x1ffff) );
  cnt &= 0x1ffff;
  TIMER_START;
#if defined(USE_PREAD)
  do{ got = osPwrite(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset); }while( got<0 && errno==EINTR );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
  do{ got = osPwrite64(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);}while( got<0 && errno==EINTR);
#else
  do{
................................................................................
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pPager->dbFileSize = nPage;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return a sanitized version of the sector-size of OS file pFile. The
** return value is guaranteed to lie between 32 and MAX_SECTOR_SIZE.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SectorSize(sqlite3_file *pFile){
  int iRet = sqlite3OsSectorSize(pFile);
  if( iRet<32 ){
    iRet = 512;
  }else if( iRet>MAX_SECTOR_SIZE ){
    assert( MAX_SECTOR_SIZE>=512 );
    iRet = MAX_SECTOR_SIZE;
  }
  return iRet;
}

/*
** Set the value of the Pager.sectorSize variable for the given
** pager based on the value returned by the xSectorSize method
** of the open database file. The sector size will be used used 
** to determine the size and alignment of journal header and 
** master journal pointers within created journal files.
................................................................................
              SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE)!=0
  ){
    /* Sector size doesn't matter for temporary files. Also, the file
    ** may not have been opened yet, in which case the OsSectorSize()
    ** call will segfault. */
    pPager->sectorSize = 512;
  }else{


    pPager->sectorSize = sqlite3SectorSize(pPager->fd);





  }
}

/*
** Playback the journal and thus restore the database file to
** the state it was in before we started making changes.  
**
................................................................................
** retried. If it returns zero, then the SQLITE_BUSY error is
** returned to the caller of the pager API function.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(
  Pager *pPager,                       /* Pager object */
  int (*xBusyHandler)(void *),         /* Pointer to busy-handler function */
  void *pBusyHandlerArg                /* Argument to pass to xBusyHandler */
){
  pPager->xBusyHandler = xBusyHandler;
  pPager->pBusyHandlerArg = pBusyHandlerArg;

  if( isOpen(pPager->fd) ){
    void **ap = (void **)&pPager->xBusyHandler;
    assert( ((int(*)(void *))(ap[0]))==xBusyHandler );
    assert( ap[1]==pBusyHandlerArg );
    sqlite3OsFileControl(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER, (void *)ap);
  }
}

/*
** Change the page size used by the Pager object. The new page size 
** is passed in *pPageSize.
**
** If the pager is in the error state when this function is called, it
................................................................................
  ** final frame is repeated (with its commit mark) until the next sector
  ** boundary is crossed.  Only the part of the WAL prior to the last
  ** sector boundary is synced; the part of the last frame that extends
  ** past the sector boundary is written after the sync.
  */
  if( isCommit && (sync_flags & WAL_SYNC_TRANSACTIONS)!=0 ){
    if( pWal->padToSectorBoundary ){
      int sectorSize = sqlite3SectorSize(pWal->pWalFd);
      w.iSyncPoint = ((iOffset+sectorSize-1)/sectorSize)*sectorSize;
      while( iOffset<w.iSyncPoint ){
        rc = walWriteOneFrame(&w, pLast, nTruncate, iOffset);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        iOffset += szFrame;
        nExtra++;
      }
................................................................................

/*
** Return the currently defined page size
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree *p){
  return p->pBt->pageSize;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
** This function is similar to sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(), except that it
** may only be called if it is guaranteed that the b-tree mutex is already
** held.
**
** This is useful in one special case in the backup API code where it is
** known that the shared b-tree mutex is held, but the mutex on the 
** database handle that owns *p is not. In this case if sqlite3BtreeEnter()
** were to be called, it might collide with some other operation on the
** database handle that owns *p, causing undefined behaviour.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(Btree *p){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->pBt->mutex) );
  return p->pBt->pageSize - p->pBt->usableSize;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_HAS_CODEC || SQLITE_DEBUG */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM)
/*
** Return the number of bytes of space at the end of every page that
** are intentually left unused.  This is the "reserved" space that is
** sometimes used by extensions.
*/
................................................................................

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pPage->pBt->mutex) );
  btreeParseCellPtr(pPage, pCell, &info);
  if( info.iOverflow==0 ){
    return SQLITE_OK;  /* No overflow pages. Return without doing anything */
  }
  if( pCell+info.iOverflow+3 > pPage->aData+pPage->maskPage ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;  /* Cell extends past end of page */
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
  assert( pBt->usableSize > 4 );
  ovflPageSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;
  nOvfl = (info.nPayload - info.nLocal + ovflPageSize - 1)/ovflPageSize;
  assert( ovflPgno==0 || nOvfl>0 );
  while( nOvfl-- ){
................................................................................
** size of a cell stored within an internal node is always less than 1/4
** of the page-size, the aOvflSpace[] buffer is guaranteed to be large
** enough for all overflow cells.
**
** If aOvflSpace is set to a null pointer, this function returns 
** SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER >= 1700 && defined(_M_ARM)
#pragma optimize("", off)
#endif
static int balance_nonroot(
  MemPage *pParent,               /* Parent page of siblings being balanced */
  int iParentIdx,                 /* Index of "the page" in pParent */
  u8 *aOvflSpace,                 /* page-size bytes of space for parent ovfl */
  int isRoot,                     /* True if pParent is a root-page */
  int bBulk                       /* True if this call is part of a bulk load */
){
................................................................................
  }
  for(i=0; i<nNew; i++){
    releasePage(apNew[i]);
  }

  return rc;
}
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER >= 1700 && defined(_M_ARM)
#pragma optimize("", on)
#endif


/*
** This function is called when the root page of a b-tree structure is
** overfull (has one or more overflow pages).
**
** A new child page is allocated and the contents of the current root
................................................................................
static int backupOnePage(sqlite3_backup *p, Pgno iSrcPg, const u8 *zSrcData){
  Pager * const pDestPager = sqlite3BtreePager(p->pDest);
  const int nSrcPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc);
  int nDestPgsz = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pDest);
  const int nCopy = MIN(nSrcPgsz, nDestPgsz);
  const i64 iEnd = (i64)iSrcPg*(i64)nSrcPgsz;
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
  /* Use BtreeGetReserveNoMutex() for the source b-tree, as although it is
  ** guaranteed that the shared-mutex is held by this thread, handle
  ** p->pSrc may not actually be the owner.  */
  int nSrcReserve = sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(p->pSrc);
  int nDestReserve = sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(p->pDest);
#endif

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  i64 iOff;

  assert( sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(p->pSrc)>=0 );
  assert( p->bDestLocked );
  assert( !isFatalError(p->rc) );
  assert( iSrcPg!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(p->pSrc->pBt) );
  assert( zSrcData );

  /* Catch the case where the destination is an in-memory database and the
  ** page sizes of the source and destination differ. 
................................................................................
  ** connection.  If it returns SQLITE_OK, then assume that the VFS
  ** handled the pragma and generate a no-op prepared statement.
  */
  aFcntl[0] = 0;
  aFcntl[1] = zLeft;
  aFcntl[2] = zRight;
  aFcntl[3] = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA, (void*)aFcntl);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( aFcntl[0] ){
      int mem = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, mem, 0, aFcntl[0], 0);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "result", SQLITE_STATIC);
................................................................................
#define WHERE_COLUMN_NULL  0x00080000  /* x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x000f0000  /* Anything that uses an index */
#define WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN 0x100f3000  /* Does not do a full table scan */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x000f1000  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_TOP_LIMIT    0x00100000  /* x<EXPR or x<=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BTM_LIMIT    0x00200000  /* x>EXPR or x>=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT   0x00300000  /* Both x>EXPR and x<EXPR */
#define WHERE_IDX_ONLY     0x00400000  /* Use index only - omit table */
#define WHERE_ORDERED      0x00800000  /* Output will appear in correct order */
#define WHERE_REVERSE      0x01000000  /* Scan in reverse order */
#define WHERE_UNIQUE       0x02000000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE   0x04000000  /* This and all prior have one row */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x08000000  /* Use virtual-table processing */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x10000000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_TEMP_INDEX   0x20000000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_DISTINCT     0x40000000  /* Correct order for DISTINCT */
#define WHERE_COVER_SCAN   0x80000000  /* Full scan of a covering index */

/*
................................................................................
  ExprList *pOrderBy;             /* The ORDER BY clause */
  ExprList *pDistinct;            /* The select-list if query is DISTINCT */
  sqlite3_index_info **ppIdxInfo; /* Index information passed to xBestIndex */
  int i, n;                       /* Which loop is being coded; # of loops */
  WhereLevel *aLevel;             /* Info about outer loops */
  WhereCost cost;                 /* Lowest cost query plan */
};

/*
** Return TRUE if the probe cost is less than the baseline cost
*/
static int compareCost(const WhereCost *pProbe, const WhereCost *pBaseline){
  if( pProbe->rCost<pBaseline->rCost ) return 1;
  if( pProbe->rCost>pBaseline->rCost ) return 0;
  if( pProbe->plan.nOBSat>pBaseline->plan.nOBSat ) return 1;
  if( pProbe->plan.nRow<pBaseline->plan.nRow ) return 1;
  return 0;
}

/*
** Initialize a preallocated WhereClause structure.
*/
static void whereClauseInit(
  WhereClause *pWC,        /* The WhereClause to be initialized */
  Parse *pParse,           /* The parsing context */
................................................................................
*/
static int indexIsUniqueNotNull(Index *pIdx, int nSkip){
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
  int i;
  if( pIdx->onError==OE_None ) return 0;
  for(i=nSkip; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    int j = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
    assert( j>=0 && j<pTab->nCol );
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

/*
** This function searches the expression list passed as the second argument
** for an expression of type TK_COLUMN that refers to the same column and
................................................................................
  int base,                       /* Cursor number for the table pIdx is on */
  ExprList *pDistinct,            /* The DISTINCT expressions */
  int nEqCol                      /* Number of index columns with == */
){
  Bitmask mask = 0;               /* Mask of unaccounted for pDistinct exprs */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */

  assert( pDistinct!=0 );
  if( pIdx->zName==0 || pDistinct->nExpr>=BMS ) return 0;
  testcase( pDistinct->nExpr==BMS-1 );

  /* Loop through all the expressions in the distinct list. If any of them
  ** are not simple column references, return early. Otherwise, test if the
  ** WHERE clause contains a "col=X" clause. If it does, the expression
  ** can be ignored. If it does not, and the column does not belong to the
  ** same table as index pIdx, return early. Finally, if there is no
................................................................................
      return 1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

































































































































































/*
** Prepare a crude estimate of the logarithm of the input value.
** The results need not be exact.  This is only used for estimating
** the total cost of performing operations with O(logN) or O(NlogN)
** complexity.  Because N is just a guess, it is no great tragedy if
** logN is a little off.
*/
................................................................................
      ** less than the current cost stored in pCost, replace the contents
      ** of pCost. */
      WHERETRACE(("... multi-index OR cost=%.9g nrow=%.9g\n", rTotal, nRow));
      if( rTotal<p->cost.rCost ){
        p->cost.rCost = rTotal;
        p->cost.used = used;
        p->cost.plan.nRow = nRow;
        p->cost.plan.nOBSat = p->i ? p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat : 0;
        p->cost.plan.wsFlags = flags;
        p->cost.plan.u.pTerm = pTerm;
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */
}
................................................................................
  if( (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2))<rCost ){
    p->cost.rCost = (SQLITE_BIG_DBL/((double)2));
  }else{
    p->cost.rCost = rCost;
  }
  p->cost.plan.u.pVtabIdx = pIdxInfo;
  if( pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ){
    p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERED;
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = nOrderBy;
  }else{
    p->cost.plan.nOBSat = p->i ? p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat : 0;
  }
  p->cost.plan.nEq = 0;
  pIdxInfo->nOrderBy = nOrderBy;

  /* Try to find a more efficient access pattern by using multiple indexes
  ** to optimize an OR expression within the WHERE clause. 
  */
................................................................................
static int isOrderedColumn(WhereBestIdx *p, int iTab, int iCol, int *pbRev){
  int i, j;
  WhereLevel *pLevel = &p->aLevel[p->i-1];
  Index *pIdx;
  u8 sortOrder;
  for(i=p->i-1; i>=0; i--, pLevel--){
    if( pLevel->iTabCur!=iTab ) continue;
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
      return 1;
    }
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERED)==0 ){
      return 0;
    }
    if( (pIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pIdx)!=0 ){
      if( iCol<0 ){
        sortOrder = 0;
        testcase( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0 );
      }else{
        int n = pIdx->nColumn;
        for(j=0; j<n; j++){
          if( iCol==pIdx->aiColumn[j] ) break;
        }
        if( j>=n ) return 0;
        sortOrder = pIdx->aSortOrder[j];
        testcase( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0 );
      }
    }else{
      if( iCol!=(-1) ) return 0;
      sortOrder = 0;
      testcase( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_REVERSE)!=0 );
................................................................................
** by outer loops.  Return 1 if pTerm is ordered, and 0 if not.
*/
static int isOrderedTerm(WhereBestIdx *p, WhereTerm *pTerm, int *pbRev){
  Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_EQ );
  assert( pExpr->pLeft!=0 && pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN );
  assert( pExpr->pRight!=0 );



  if( pTerm->prereqRight==0 ){
    return 1;  /* RHS of the == is a constant */
  }
  if( pExpr->pRight->op==TK_COLUMN 
   && isOrderedColumn(p, pExpr->pRight->iTable, pExpr->pRight->iColumn, pbRev)
  ){
    return 1;
  }

  /* If we cannot prove that the constraint is ordered, assume it is not */
  return 0;
}

/*
** This routine decides if pIdx can be used to satisfy the ORDER BY
** clause, either in whole or in part.  The return value is the 
** cumulative number of terms in the ORDER BY clause that are satisfied
** by the index pIdx and other indices in outer loops.
**
** The table being queried has a cursor number of "base".  pIdx is the
** index that is postulated for use to access the table.
**
** nEqCol is the number of columns of pIdx that are used as equality
** constraints and where the other side of the == is an ordered column
** or constant.  An "order column" in the previous sentence means a column
** in table from an outer loop whose values will always appear in the 
** correct order due to othre index, or because the outer loop generates
** a unique result.  Any of the first nEqCol columns of pIdx may be missing
** from the ORDER BY clause and the match can still be a success.
**
** The *pbRev value is set to 0 order 1 depending on whether or not
** pIdx should be run in the forward order or in reverse order.
*/
static int isSortingIndex(
  WhereBestIdx *p,    /* Best index search context */
  Index *pIdx,        /* The index we are testing */
  int base,           /* Cursor number for the table to be sorted */
  int nEqCol,         /* Number of index columns with ordered == constraints */
  int wsFlags,        /* Index usages flags */
  int bOuterRev,      /* True if outer loops scan in reverse order */
  int *pbRev          /* Set to 1 for reverse-order scan of pIdx */
){
  int i;                        /* Number of pIdx terms used */
  int j;                        /* Number of ORDER BY terms satisfied */
  int sortOrder = 0;            /* XOR of index and ORDER BY sort direction */
  int nTerm;                    /* Number of ORDER BY terms */
  struct ExprList_item *pTerm;  /* A term of the ORDER BY clause */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;           /* The ORDER BY clause */
  Parse *pParse = p->pParse;    /* Parser context */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database connection */
  int nPriorSat;                /* ORDER BY terms satisfied by outer loops */
  int seenRowid = 0;            /* True if an ORDER BY rowid term is seen */
  int nEqOneRow;                /* Idx columns that ref unique values */

  if( p->i==0 ){
    nPriorSat = 0;
  }else{
    nPriorSat = p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat;
    if( OptimizationDisabled(db, SQLITE_OrderByIdxJoin) ) return nPriorSat;
  }
  if( nEqCol==0 ){
    if( p->i && (p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERED)==0 ){
      return nPriorSat;
    }
    nEqOneRow = 0;
  }else if( p->i==0 || (p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
    nEqOneRow = nEqCol;
  }else{
    sortOrder = bOuterRev;
    nEqOneRow = -1;
  }
  pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;
  assert( pOrderBy!=0 );
  if( wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN ) return nPriorSat;
  if( pIdx->bUnordered ) return nPriorSat;
  nTerm = pOrderBy->nExpr;
  assert( nTerm>0 );

  /* Argument pIdx must either point to a 'real' named index structure, 
  ** or an index structure allocated on the stack by bestBtreeIndex() to
  ** represent the rowid index that is part of every table.  */
  assert( pIdx->zName || (pIdx->nColumn==1 && pIdx->aiColumn[0]==-1) );

  /* Match terms of the ORDER BY clause against columns of
  ** the index.
  **
  ** Note that indices have pIdx->nColumn regular columns plus
  ** one additional column containing the rowid.  The rowid column
  ** of the index is also allowed to match against the ORDER BY
  ** clause.
  */
  for(i=0,j=nPriorSat,pTerm=&pOrderBy->a[j]; j<nTerm; i++){
    Expr *pExpr;       /* The expression of the ORDER BY pTerm */
    CollSeq *pColl;    /* The collating sequence of pExpr */
    int termSortOrder; /* Sort order for this term */
    int iColumn;       /* The i-th column of the index.  -1 for rowid */
    int iSortOrder;    /* 1 for DESC, 0 for ASC on the i-th index term */
    const char *zColl; /* Name of the collating sequence for i-th index term */

    assert( i<=pIdx->nColumn );
    pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
    if( pExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN || pExpr->iTable!=base ){
      /* Can not use an index sort on anything that is not a column in the
      ** left-most table of the FROM clause */
      break;
    }
    pColl = sqlite3ExprCollSeq(pParse, pExpr);
    if( !pColl ){
      pColl = db->pDfltColl;
    }
    if( pIdx->zName && i<pIdx->nColumn ){
      iColumn = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( iColumn==pIdx->pTable->iPKey ){
        iColumn = -1;
      }
      iSortOrder = pIdx->aSortOrder[i];
      zColl = pIdx->azColl[i];
    }else{
      iColumn = -1;
      iSortOrder = 0;
      zColl = pColl->zName;
    }
    if( pExpr->iColumn!=iColumn || sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, zColl) ){
      /* Term j of the ORDER BY clause does not match column i of the index */
      if( i<nEqCol ){
        /* If an index column that is constrained by == fails to match an
        ** ORDER BY term, that is OK.  Just ignore that column of the index
        */
        continue;
      }else if( i==pIdx->nColumn ){
        /* Index column i is the rowid.  All other terms match. */
        break;
      }else{
        /* If an index column fails to match and is not constrained by ==
        ** then the index cannot satisfy the ORDER BY constraint.
        */
        return nPriorSat;
      }
    }
    assert( pIdx->aSortOrder!=0 || iColumn==-1 );
    assert( pTerm->sortOrder==0 || pTerm->sortOrder==1 );
    assert( iSortOrder==0 || iSortOrder==1 );
    termSortOrder = iSortOrder ^ pTerm->sortOrder;
    if( i>nEqOneRow ){
      if( termSortOrder!=sortOrder ){
        /* Indices can only be used if all ORDER BY terms past the
        ** equality constraints have the correct DESC or ASC. */
        break;
      }
    }else{
      sortOrder = termSortOrder;
    }
    j++;
    pTerm++;
    if( iColumn<0 ){
      seenRowid = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  *pbRev = sortOrder;

  /* If there was an "ORDER BY rowid" term that matched, or it is only
  ** possible for a single row from this table to match, then skip over
  ** any additional ORDER BY terms dealing with this table.
  */
  if( seenRowid ||
     (   (wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL)==0
      && i>=pIdx->nColumn
      && indexIsUniqueNotNull(pIdx, nEqCol)
     )
  ){
    /* Advance j over additional ORDER BY terms associated with base */
    WhereMaskSet *pMS = p->pWC->pMaskSet;
    Bitmask m = ~getMask(pMS, base);
    while( j<nTerm && (exprTableUsage(pMS, pOrderBy->a[j].pExpr)&m)==0 ){
      j++;
    }
  }
  return j;
}

/*
** Find the best query plan for accessing a particular table.  Write the
** best query plan and its cost into the p->cost.
**
** The lowest cost plan wins.  The cost is an estimate of the amount of
** CPU and disk I/O needed to process the requested result.
................................................................................
    pIdx = 0;
  }

  /* Loop over all indices looking for the best one to use
  */
  for(; pProbe; pIdx=pProbe=pProbe->pNext){
    const tRowcnt * const aiRowEst = pProbe->aiRowEst;
    WhereCost pc;               /* Cost of using pProbe */

    double log10N = (double)1;  /* base-10 logarithm of nRow (inexact) */
    int bRev = 2;               /* 0=forward scan.  1=reverse.  2=undecided */


    memset(&pc, 0, sizeof(pc));

    /* The following variables are populated based on the properties of
    ** index being evaluated. They are then used to determine the expected
    ** cost and number of rows returned.
    **
    **  pc.plan.nEq: 
    **    Number of equality terms that can be implemented using the index.
    **    In other words, the number of initial fields in the index that
    **    are used in == or IN or NOT NULL constraints of the WHERE clause.
    **
    **  nInMul:  
    **    The "in-multiplier". This is an estimate of how many seek operations 
    **    SQLite must perform on the index in question. For example, if the 
................................................................................
    **    space to 1/16th of its original size (rangeDiv==16).
    **
    **  bSort:   
    **    Boolean. True if there is an ORDER BY clause that will require an 
    **    external sort (i.e. scanning the index being evaluated will not 
    **    correctly order records).
    **
    **  bDist:
    **    Boolean. True if there is a DISTINCT clause that will require an 
    **    external btree.
    **
    **  bLookup: 
    **    Boolean. True if a table lookup is required for each index entry
    **    visited.  In other words, true if this is not a covering index.
    **    This is always false for the rowid primary key index of a table.
................................................................................
    **    two queries requires table b-tree lookups in order to find the value
    **    of column c, but the first does not because columns a and b are
    **    both available in the index.
    **
    **             SELECT a, b    FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    **             SELECT a, b, c FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    */

    int nOrdered;                 /* Number of ordered terms matching index */
    int bInEst = 0;               /* True if "x IN (SELECT...)" seen */
    int nInMul = 1;               /* Number of distinct equalities to lookup */
    double rangeDiv = (double)1;  /* Estimated reduction in search space */
    int nBound = 0;               /* Number of range constraints seen */
    int bSort;                    /* True if external sort required */
    int bDist;                    /* True if index cannot help with DISTINCT */
    int bLookup = 0;              /* True if not a covering index */
    int nPriorSat;                /* ORDER BY terms satisfied by outer loops */
    int nOrderBy;                 /* Number of ORDER BY terms */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    WhereTerm *pFirstTerm = 0;    /* First term matching the index */
#endif

    nOrderBy = p->pOrderBy ? p->pOrderBy->nExpr : 0;
    if( p->i ){
      nPriorSat = pc.plan.nOBSat = p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.nOBSat;
      bSort = nPriorSat<nOrderBy;
      bDist = 0;
    }else{
      nPriorSat = pc.plan.nOBSat = 0;
      bSort = nOrderBy>0;
      bDist = p->pDistinct!=0;
    }

    /* Determine the values of pc.plan.nEq and nInMul */

    for(pc.plan.nEq=nOrdered=0; pc.plan.nEq<pProbe->nColumn; pc.plan.nEq++){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[pc.plan.nEq];
      pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, eqTermMask, pIdx);
      if( pTerm==0 ) break;
      pc.plan.wsFlags |= (WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_EQ);
      testcase( pTerm->pWC!=pWC );
      if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN ){
        Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_IN;
        if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
          /* "x IN (SELECT ...)":  Assume the SELECT returns 25 rows */
          nInMul *= 25;
          bInEst = 1;
        }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
          /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
          nInMul *= pExpr->x.pList->nExpr;
        }
      }else if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
        if( pc.plan.nEq==nOrdered ) nOrdered++;
      }else if( bSort && pc.plan.nEq==nOrdered && isOrderedTerm(p, pTerm, &bRev) ){
        nOrdered++;
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( pc.plan.nEq==0 && pProbe->aSample ) pFirstTerm = pTerm;
#endif
      pc.used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
    }
 
    /* If the index being considered is UNIQUE, and there is an equality 
    ** constraint for all columns in the index, then this search will find
    ** at most a single row. In this case set the WHERE_UNIQUE flag to 
    ** indicate this to the caller.
    **
    ** Otherwise, if the search may find more than one row, test to see if
    ** there is a range constraint on indexed column (pc.plan.nEq+1) that can be 
    ** optimized using the index. 
    */
    if( pc.plan.nEq==pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->onError!=OE_None ){
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN );
      testcase( pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_NULL );
      if( (pc.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_COLUMN_NULL))==0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_UNIQUE;
        if( p->i==0 || (p->aLevel[p->i-1].plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
          pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE;
        }
      }
    }else if( pProbe->bUnordered==0 ){
      int j;
      j = (pc.plan.nEq==pProbe->nColumn ? -1 : pProbe->aiColumn[pc.plan.nEq]);
      if( findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx) ){
        WhereTerm *pTop, *pBtm;
        pTop = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, pIdx);
        pBtm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, p->notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx);
        whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pc.plan.nEq, pBtm, pTop, &rangeDiv);
        if( pTop ){
          nBound = 1;
          pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
          pc.used |= pTop->prereqRight;
          testcase( pTop->pWC!=pWC );
        }
        if( pBtm ){
          nBound++;
          pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_BTM_LIMIT;
          pc.used |= pBtm->prereqRight;
          testcase( pBtm->pWC!=pWC );
        }
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= (WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE);
      }
    }

    /* If there is an ORDER BY clause and the index being considered will
    ** naturally scan rows in the required order, set the appropriate flags
    ** in pc.plan.wsFlags. Otherwise, if there is an ORDER BY clause but
    ** the index will scan rows in a different order, set the bSort
    ** variable.  */
    assert( bRev>=0 && bRev<=2 );
    if( bSort ){
      testcase( bRev==0 );
      testcase( bRev==1 );
      testcase( bRev==2 );
      pc.plan.nOBSat = isSortingIndex(p, pProbe, iCur, nOrdered,
                                 pc.plan.wsFlags, bRev&1, &bRev);
      if( nPriorSat<pc.plan.nOBSat || (pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_UNIQUE)!=0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ORDERED;
      }
      if( nOrderBy==pc.plan.nOBSat ){
        bSort = 0;
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ROWID_RANGE|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE;
      }
      if( bRev & 1 ) pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_REVERSE;
    }

    /* If there is a DISTINCT qualifier and this index will scan rows in
    ** order of the DISTINCT expressions, clear bDist and set the appropriate
    ** flags in pc.plan.wsFlags. */
    if( bDist
     && isDistinctIndex(pParse, pWC, pProbe, iCur, p->pDistinct, pc.plan.nEq)
     && (pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN)==0
    ){
      bDist = 0;
      pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_ROWID_RANGE|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_DISTINCT;
    }

    /* If currently calculating the cost of using an index (not the IPK
    ** index), determine if all required column data may be obtained without 
    ** using the main table (i.e. if the index is a covering
    ** index for this query). If it is, set the WHERE_IDX_ONLY flag in
    ** pc.plan.wsFlags. Otherwise, set the bLookup variable to true.  */
    if( pIdx ){
      Bitmask m = pSrc->colUsed;
      int j;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){
        int x = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
        if( x<BMS-1 ){
          m &= ~(((Bitmask)1)<<x);
        }
      }
      if( m==0 ){
        pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      }else{
        bLookup = 1;
      }
    }

    /*
    ** Estimate the number of rows of output.  For an "x IN (SELECT...)"
    ** constraint, do not let the estimate exceed half the rows in the table.
    */
    pc.plan.nRow = (double)(aiRowEst[pc.plan.nEq] * nInMul);
    if( bInEst && pc.plan.nRow*2>aiRowEst[0] ){
      pc.plan.nRow = aiRowEst[0]/2;
      nInMul = (int)(pc.plan.nRow / aiRowEst[pc.plan.nEq]);
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    /* If the constraint is of the form x=VALUE or x IN (E1,E2,...)
    ** and we do not think that values of x are unique and if histogram
    ** data is available for column x, then it might be possible
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( pc.plan.nRow>(double)1 && pc.plan.nEq==1
     && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
      assert( (pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL|WO_IN))!=0 );
      if( pFirstTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL) ){
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight,
                          &pc.plan.nRow);
      }else if( bInEst==0 ){
        assert( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList,
                       &pc.plan.nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
    ** that are excluded by range constraints.
    */
    pc.plan.nRow = pc.plan.nRow/rangeDiv;
    if( pc.plan.nRow<1 ) pc.plan.nRow = 1;

    /* Experiments run on real SQLite databases show that the time needed
    ** to do a binary search to locate a row in a table or index is roughly
    ** log10(N) times the time to move from one row to the next row within
    ** a table or index.  The actual times can vary, with the size of
    ** records being an important factor.  Both moves and searches are
    ** slower with larger records, presumably because fewer records fit
................................................................................
    ** on one page and hence more pages have to be fetched.
    **
    ** The ANALYZE command and the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat3 tables do
    ** not give us data on the relative sizes of table and index records.
    ** So this computation assumes table records are about twice as big
    ** as index records
    */
    if( (pc.plan.wsFlags&~(WHERE_REVERSE|WHERE_ORDERED))==WHERE_IDX_ONLY
     && (pWC->wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED)==0
     && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bUseCis
     && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_CoverIdxScan)
    ){
      /* This index is not useful for indexing, but it is a covering index.
      ** A full-scan of the index might be a little faster than a full-scan
      ** of the table, so give this case a cost slightly less than a table
      ** scan. */
      pc.rCost = aiRowEst[0]*3 + pProbe->nColumn;
      pc.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_COVER_SCAN|WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE;
    }else if( (pc.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0 ){
      /* The cost of a full table scan is a number of move operations equal
      ** to the number of rows in the table.
      **
      ** We add an additional 4x penalty to full table scans.  This causes
      ** the cost function to err on the side of choosing an index over
      ** choosing a full scan.  This 4x full-scan penalty is an arguable
      ** decision and one which we expect to revisit in the future.  But
      ** it seems to be working well enough at the moment.
      */
      pc.rCost = aiRowEst[0]*4;
      pc.plan.wsFlags &= ~WHERE_IDX_ONLY;
      if( pIdx ) pc.plan.wsFlags &= ~WHERE_ORDERED;
    }else{
      log10N = estLog(aiRowEst[0]);

      pc.rCost = pc.plan.nRow;
      if( pIdx ){
        if( bLookup ){
          /* For an index lookup followed by a table lookup:
          **    nInMul index searches to find the start of each index range
          **  + nRow steps through the index
          **  + nRow table searches to lookup the table entry using the rowid
          */
          pc.rCost += (nInMul + pc.plan.nRow)*log10N;
        }else{
          /* For a covering index:
          **     nInMul index searches to find the initial entry 
          **   + nRow steps through the index
          */
          pc.rCost += nInMul*log10N;
        }
      }else{
        /* For a rowid primary key lookup:
        **    nInMult table searches to find the initial entry for each range
        **  + nRow steps through the table
        */
        pc.rCost += nInMul*log10N;
      }
    }

    /* Add in the estimated cost of sorting the result.  Actual experimental
    ** measurements of sorting performance in SQLite show that sorting time
    ** adds C*N*log10(N) to the cost, where N is the number of rows to be 
    ** sorted and C is a factor between 1.95 and 4.3.  We will split the
    ** difference and select C of 3.0.
    */
    if( bSort ){
      double m = estLog(pc.plan.nRow*(nOrderBy - pc.plan.nOBSat)/nOrderBy);
      m *= (double)(pc.plan.nOBSat ? 2 : 3);
      pc.rCost += pc.plan.nRow*m;
    }
    if( bDist ){

      pc.rCost += pc.plan.nRow*estLog(pc.plan.nRow)*3;
    }

    /**** Cost of using this index has now been computed ****/

    /* If there are additional constraints on this table that cannot
    ** be used with the current index, but which might lower the number
    ** of output rows, adjust the nRow value accordingly.  This only 
................................................................................
    ** mask will only have one bit set - the bit for the current table.
    ** The notValid mask, on the other hand, always has all bits set for
    ** tables that are not in outer loops.  If notReady is used here instead
    ** of notValid, then a optimal index that depends on inner joins loops
    ** might be selected even when there exists an optimal index that has
    ** no such dependency.
    */
    if( pc.plan.nRow>2 && pc.rCost<=p->cost.rCost ){
      int k;                       /* Loop counter */
      int nSkipEq = pc.plan.nEq;   /* Number of == constraints to skip */
      int nSkipRange = nBound;     /* Number of < constraints to skip */
      Bitmask thisTab;             /* Bitmap for pSrc */

      thisTab = getMask(pWC->pMaskSet, iCur);
      for(pTerm=pWC->a, k=pWC->nTerm; pc.plan.nRow>2 && k; k--, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL ) continue;
        if( (pTerm->prereqAll & p->notValid)!=thisTab ) continue;
        if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ){
          if( nSkipEq ){
            /* Ignore the first pc.plan.nEq equality matches since the index
            ** has already accounted for these */
            nSkipEq--;
          }else{
            /* Assume each additional equality match reduces the result
            ** set size by a factor of 10 */
            pc.plan.nRow /= 10;
          }
        }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE) ){
          if( nSkipRange ){
            /* Ignore the first nSkipRange range constraints since the index
            ** has already accounted for these */
            nSkipRange--;
          }else{
            /* Assume each additional range constraint reduces the result
            ** set size by a factor of 3.  Indexed range constraints reduce
            ** the search space by a larger factor: 4.  We make indexed range
            ** more selective intentionally because of the subjective 
            ** observation that indexed range constraints really are more
            ** selective in practice, on average. */
            pc.plan.nRow /= 3;
          }
        }else if( pTerm->eOperator!=WO_NOOP ){
          /* Any other expression lowers the output row count by half */
          pc.plan.nRow /= 2;
        }
      }
      if( pc.plan.nRow<2 ) pc.plan.nRow = 2;
    }


    WHERETRACE((
      "%s(%s):\n"
      "    nEq=%d nInMul=%d rangeDiv=%d bSort=%d bLookup=%d wsFlags=0x%08x\n"
      "    notReady=0x%llx log10N=%.1f nRow=%.1f cost=%.1f\n"
      "    used=0x%llx nOrdered=%d nOBSat=%d\n",
      pSrc->pTab->zName, (pIdx ? pIdx->zName : "ipk"), 
      pc.plan.nEq, nInMul, (int)rangeDiv, bSort, bLookup, pc.plan.wsFlags,
      p->notReady, log10N, pc.plan.nRow, pc.rCost, pc.used, nOrdered,
      pc.plan.nOBSat
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the p->cost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || pc.plan.wsFlags) && compareCost(&pc, &p->cost) ){



      p->cost = pc;

      p->cost.plan.wsFlags &= wsFlagMask;


      p->cost.plan.u.pIdx = pIdx;
    }

    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
    if( pSrc->pIndex ) break;

................................................................................
  ** in. This is used for application testing, to help find cases
  ** where application behaviour depends on the (undefined) order that
  ** SQLite outputs rows in in the absence of an ORDER BY clause.  */
  if( !p->pOrderBy && pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_ReverseOrder ){
    p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= WHERE_REVERSE;
  }

  assert( p->pOrderBy || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ORDERED)==0 );
  assert( p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 || (p->cost.plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ROWID_EQ)==0 );
  assert( pSrc->pIndex==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==0 
       || p->cost.plan.u.pIdx==pSrc->pIndex 
  );

  WHERETRACE(("best index is: %s\n",

         p->cost.plan.u.pIdx ? p->cost.plan.u.pIdx->zName : "ipk"));

  
  bestOrClauseIndex(p);
  bestAutomaticIndex(p);
  p->cost.plan.wsFlags |= eqTermMask;
}

/*
................................................................................
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    if( (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && (pLevel->plan.wsFlags&WHERE_ORDERED)
     && (pIdx->nColumn>nEq)
    ){
      /* assert( pOrderBy->nExpr==1 ); */
      /* assert( pOrderBy->a[0].pExpr->iColumn==pIdx->aiColumn[nEq] ); */
      isMinQuery = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }
................................................................................
        if( (m & sWBI.notValid)==0 ){
          if( j==iFrom ) iFrom++;
          continue;
        }
        sWBI.notReady = (isOptimal ? m : sWBI.notValid);
        if( sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0 ) nUnconstrained++;
  
        WHERETRACE(("=== trying table %d (%s) with isOptimal=%d ===\n",
                    j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName, isOptimal));
        assert( sWBI.pSrc->pTab );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
        if( IsVirtual(sWBI.pSrc->pTab) ){
          sWBI.ppIdxInfo = &pWInfo->a[j].pIdxInfo;
          bestVirtualIndex(&sWBI);
        }else 
#endif
................................................................................
        **       index specified by its INDEXED BY clause.  This rule ensures
        **       that a best-so-far is always selected even if an impossible
        **       combination of INDEXED BY clauses are given.  The error
        **       will be detected and relayed back to the application later.
        **       The NEVER() comes about because rule (2) above prevents
        **       An indexable full-table-scan from reaching rule (3).
        **
        **   (4) The plan cost must be lower than prior plans, where "cost"
        **       is defined by the compareCost() function above. 
        */
        if( (sWBI.cost.used&sWBI.notValid)==0                    /* (1) */
            && (bestJ<0 || (notIndexed&m)!=0                     /* (2) */
                || (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)==0
                || (sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0)
            && (nUnconstrained==0 || sWBI.pSrc->pIndex==0        /* (3) */
                || NEVER((sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0))
            && (bestJ<0 || compareCost(&sWBI.cost, &bestPlan))   /* (4) */


        ){
          WHERETRACE(("=== table %d (%s) is best so far\n"
                      "    cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=%08x\n",
                      j, sWBI.pSrc->pTab->zName,
                      sWBI.cost.rCost, sWBI.cost.plan.nRow,
                      sWBI.cost.plan.nOBSat, sWBI.cost.plan.wsFlags));
          bestPlan = sWBI.cost;
          bestJ = j;
        }
        if( doNotReorder ) break;
      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( sWBI.notValid & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d (%s) for loop %d with:\n"
                "    cost=%.1f, nRow=%.1f, nOBSat=%d, wsFlags=0x%08x\n",
                bestJ, pTabList->a[bestJ].pTab->zName,
                pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow,
                bestPlan.plan.nOBSat, bestPlan.plan.wsFlags));



    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_DISTINCT)!=0 ){
      assert( pWInfo->eDistinct==0 );
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_ORDERED;
    }
    andFlags &= bestPlan.plan.wsFlags;
    pLevel->plan = bestPlan.plan;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor;
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED );
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX );
    if( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_INDEXED|WHERE_TEMP_INDEX) ){
      if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY) 
       && (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)==0 
      ){
        pLevel->iIdxCur = iIdxCur;
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }
  WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer Finished ***\n"));
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto whereBeginError;
  }
  if( nTabList ){
    pLevel--;
    pWInfo->nOBSat = pLevel->plan.nOBSat;
  }else{
    pWInfo->nOBSat = 0;
  }

  /* If the total query only selects a single row, then the ORDER BY
  ** clause is irrelevant.
  */
  if( (andFlags & WHERE_UNIQUE)!=0 && pOrderBy ){
    assert( nTabList==0 || (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ALL_UNIQUE)!=0 );
    pWInfo->nOBSat = pOrderBy->nExpr;
  }

  /* If the caller is an UPDATE or DELETE statement that is requesting
  ** to use a one-pass algorithm, determine if this is appropriate.
  ** The one-pass algorithm only works if the WHERE clause constraints
  ** the statement to update a single row.
................................................................................
  for(ii=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; ii<nTabList; ii++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */
    struct SrcList_item *pTabItem;

    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;

    pWInfo->nRowOut *= pLevel->plan.nRow;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 || pTab->pSelect ){
      /* Do nothing */
    }else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
................................................................................
    ** operation N should be 0.  The idea is that a test program (like the
    ** SQL Logic Test or SLT test module) can run the same SQL multiple times
    ** with various optimizations disabled to verify that the same answer
    ** is obtained in every case.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS: {
      sqlite3 *db = va_arg(ap, sqlite3*);
      db->dbOptFlags = (u8)(va_arg(ap, int) & 0xff);
      break;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_N_KEYWORD
    /* sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD, const char *zWord)
    **
    ** If zWord is a keyword recognized by the parser, then return the
................................................................................
}

/*
** Remove the entry with rowid=iDelete from the r-tree structure.
*/
static int rtreeDeleteRowid(Rtree *pRtree, sqlite3_int64 iDelete){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  RtreeNode *pLeaf = 0;           /* Leaf node containing record iDelete */
  int iCell;                      /* Index of iDelete cell in pLeaf */
  RtreeNode *pRoot;               /* Root node of rtree structure */


  /* Obtain a reference to the root node to initialise Rtree.iDepth */
  rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pRoot);

................................................................................

  /* If the azData[] array contains more than one element, elements
  ** (azData[2]..azData[argc-1]) contain a new record to insert into
  ** the r-tree structure.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nData>1 ){
    /* Insert the new record into the r-tree */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf = 0;

    /* Figure out the rowid of the new row. */
    if( bHaveRowid==0 ){
      rc = newRowid(pRtree, &cell.iRowid);
    }
    *pRowid = cell.iRowid;

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
...
853
854
855
856
857
858
859











860
861
862
863
864
865
866
...
868
869
870
871
872
873
874

875
876
877
878
879
880
881
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.15"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007015
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2012-09-28 00:44:28 1e874629d7cf568368b912b295bd3001147d0b52"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** prepared statement.  ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns
** any result code other than [SQLITE_OK] or [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], that means
** that the VFS encountered an error while handling the [PRAGMA] and the
** compilation of the PRAGMA fails with an error.  ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
** file control occurs at the beginning of pragma statement analysis and so
** it is able to override built-in [PRAGMA] statements.
** </ul>











*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE             2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE             3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO                    4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE              6
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED            8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY          9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL            10
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE              11
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME                12
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    13
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14


/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>







105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
...
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
...
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.15"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007015
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2012-10-03 12:56:18 956e4d7f8958e7065ff2d61cd71519d6f4113d4a"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** prepared statement.  ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns
** any result code other than [SQLITE_OK] or [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], that means
** that the VFS encountered an error while handling the [PRAGMA] and the
** compilation of the PRAGMA fails with an error.  ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
** file control occurs at the beginning of pragma statement analysis and so
** it is able to override built-in [PRAGMA] statements.
** </ul>
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER]]
** ^This file-control may be invoked by SQLite on the database file handle
** shortly after it is opened in order to provide a custom VFS with access
** to the connections busy-handler callback. The argument is of type (void **)
** - an array of two (void *) values. The first (void *) actually points
** to a function of type (int (*)(void *)). In order to invoke the connections
** busy-handler, this function should be invoked with the second (void *) in
** the array as the only argument. If it returns non-zero, then the operation
** should be retried. If it returns zero, the custom VFS should abandon the
** current operation.
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE               1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE             2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE             3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO                    4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT               5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE              6
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED            8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY          9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL            10
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE              11
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME                12
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE    13
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA                 14
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER            15

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only